Document


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 _________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
_________________________________________________ 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended October 2, 2016
Commission File No. 001-12561
 
_________________________________________________ 
BELDEN INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
_________________________________________________
 
Delaware
 
36-3601505
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
1 North Brentwood Boulevard
15th Floor
St. Louis, Missouri 63105
(Address of principal executive offices)
(314) 854-8000
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code
_________________________________________________ 
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes þ  No ¨.
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate website, if any, every interactive data file required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes  þ  No ¨.
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).  Yes ¨  No  þ.
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer þ  Accelerated filer ¨      Non-accelerated filer ¨      Smaller reporting company ¨
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
As of November 4, 2016, the Registrant had 42,144,409 outstanding shares of common stock.




PART I
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.
Financial Statements
BELDEN INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 
October 2,
2016
 
December 31,
2015
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
(In thousands)
ASSETS
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
748,305

 
$
216,751

Receivables, net
400,528

 
387,386

Inventories, net
193,500

 
195,942

Other current assets
55,345

 
37,079

Total current assets
1,397,678

 
837,158

Property, plant and equipment, less accumulated depreciation
323,110

 
310,629

Goodwill
1,399,847

 
1,385,115

Intangible assets, less accumulated amortization
590,785

 
655,871

Deferred income taxes
30,596

 
34,295

Other long-lived assets
69,947

 
67,534

 
$
3,811,963

 
$
3,290,602

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
220,827

 
$
223,514

Accrued liabilities
294,209

 
323,249

Current maturities of long-term debt
2,500

 
2,500

Total current liabilities
517,536

 
549,263

Long-term debt
1,690,932

 
1,725,282

Postretirement benefits
106,779

 
105,230

Deferred income taxes
45,381

 
46,034

Other long-term liabilities
38,283

 
39,270

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock
1

 

Common stock
503

 
503

Additional paid-in capital
1,114,348

 
605,660

Retained earnings
760,688

 
679,716

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(62,876
)
 
(58,987
)
Treasury stock
(400,718
)
 
(402,793
)
Total Belden stockholders’ equity
1,411,946

 
824,099

Noncontrolling interest
1,106

 
1,424

Total stockholders’ equity
1,413,052

 
825,523

 
$
3,811,963

 
$
3,290,602

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

- 1-



BELDEN INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
October 2, 2016

September 27, 2015

October 2, 2016

September 27, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands, except per share data)
Revenues
$
601,109

 
$
579,266

 
$
1,744,237

 
$
1,711,978

Cost of sales
(355,147
)
 
(353,135
)
 
(1,025,027
)
 
(1,043,922
)
Gross profit
245,962

 
226,131

 
719,210

 
668,056

Selling, general and administrative expenses
(126,662
)
 
(127,792
)
 
(372,125
)
 
(395,424
)
Research and development
(33,512
)
 
(38,168
)
 
(106,297
)
 
(110,999
)
Amortization of intangibles
(23,808
)
 
(25,669
)
 
(75,603
)
 
(78,090
)
Operating income
61,980

 
34,502

 
165,185

 
83,543

Interest expense, net
(23,513
)
 
(25,416
)
 
(71,958
)
 
(74,031
)
Income from continuing operations before taxes
38,467

 
9,086

 
93,227

 
9,512

Income tax benefit (expense)
(2,902
)
 
5,725

 
513

 
7,340

Income from continuing operations
35,565

 
14,811

 
93,740

 
16,852

Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax

 
(242
)
 

 
(242
)
Loss from disposal of discontinued operations, net of tax

 

 

 
(86
)
Net income
35,565

 
14,569

 
93,740

 
16,524

Less: Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest
(88
)
 

 
(286
)
 

Net income attributable to Belden
35,653

 
14,569

 
94,026

 
16,524

Less: Preferred stock dividends
6,695

 

 
6,695

 

Net income attributable to Belden common stockholders
$
28,958

 
$
14,569

 
$
87,331

 
$
16,524

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average number of common shares and equivalents:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
42,126

 
42,417

 
42,073

 
42,536

Diluted
42,601

 
42,908

 
42,532

 
43,117

Basic income (loss) per share attributable to Belden common stockholders:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
0.69

 
$
0.35

 
$
2.08

 
$
0.40

Discontinued operations

 
(0.01
)
 

 
(0.01
)
Disposal of discontinued operations

 

 

 

Net income
$
0.69

 
$
0.34

 
$
2.08

 
$
0.39

Diluted income (loss) per share attributable to Belden common stockholders:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Continuing operations
$
0.68

 
$
0.35

 
$
2.05

 
$
0.39

Discontinued operations

 
(0.01
)
 

 
(0.01
)
Disposal of discontinued operations

 

 

 

Net income
$
0.68

 
$
0.34

 
$
2.05

 
$
0.38

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Belden
$
31,846

 
$
(9,803
)
 
$
90,137

 
$
4,036

Common stock dividends declared per share
$
0.05

 
$
0.05

 
$
0.15

 
$
0.15

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

- 2-



BELDEN INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED CASH FLOW STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
 
 
Nine Months Ended
 
October 2, 2016
 
September 27, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
93,740

 
$
16,524

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
110,857

 
113,141

Share-based compensation
13,943

 
13,814

Tax benefit related to share-based compensation
(623
)
 
(5,064
)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of the effects of currency exchange rate changes and acquired businesses:
 
 
 
Receivables
(9,843
)
 
(6,532
)
Inventories
5,626

 
7,979

Accounts payable
(3,889
)
 
(55,973
)
Accrued liabilities
(43,594
)
 
29,354

Accrued taxes
(16,752
)
 
(23,884
)
Other assets
2,798

 
1,935

Other liabilities
(5,457
)
 
687

Net cash provided by operating activities
146,806

 
91,981

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
(36,057
)
 
(39,106
)
Cash used to acquire businesses, net of cash acquired
(17,848
)
 
(695,345
)
Proceeds from disposal of tangible assets
282

 
145

Proceeds from disposable of business

 
3,527

Other
(971
)
 

Net cash used for investing activities
(54,594
)
 
(730,779
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from issuance of preferred stock, net
501,498

 

Tax benefit related to share-based compensation
623

 
5,064

Borrowings under credit arrangements

 
200,000

Payments under borrowing arrangements
(51,875
)
 
(1,250
)
Dividends paid on common stock
(6,307
)
 
(6,386
)
Withholding tax payments for share-based payment awards, net of proceeds from the exercise of stock options
(5,302
)
 
(11,517
)
Debt issuance costs paid

 
(643
)
Payments under share repurchase program

 
(39,053
)
Net cash provided by financing activities
438,637

 
146,215

Effect of foreign currency exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
705

 
(6,682
)
Increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
531,554

 
(499,265
)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
216,751

 
741,162

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
748,305

 
$
241,897

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

- 3-




BELDEN INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY STATEMENT
NINE MONTHS ENDED OCTOBER 2, 2016
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
Belden Inc. Stockholders
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mandatory Convertible
 
 
 
 
 
Additional
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated
Other
 
Non-controlling
 
 
 
Preferred Stock
 
Common Stock
 
Paid-In
 
Retained
 
Treasury Stock
 
Comprehensive
 
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Capital
 
Earnings
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Income (Loss)
 
Interest
 
Total
 
 
(In thousands)
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2015

 
$

 
50,335

 
$
503

 
$
605,660

 
$
679,716

 
(8,354
)
 
$
(402,793
)
 
$
(58,987
)
 
$
1,424

 
$
825,523

Net income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 
94,026

 

 

 

 
(286
)
 
93,740

Foreign currency translation, net of $1.5 million tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(9,823
)
 
(32
)
 
(9,855
)
Adjustments to pension and postretirement liability, net of $3.7 million tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
5,934

 

 
5,934

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(3,921
)
Preferred stock issuance, net
52

 
1

 

 

 
501,497

 

 

 

 

 

 
501,498

Exercise of stock options, net of tax withholding forfeitures

 

 

 

 
(2,388
)
 

 
42

 
327

 

 

 
(2,061
)
Conversion of restricted stock units into common stock, net of tax withholding forfeitures

 

 

 

 
(4,987
)
 

 
121

 
1,748

 

 

 
(3,239
)
Share-based compensation

 

 

 

 
14,566

 

 

 

 

 

 
14,566

Preferred stock dividends

 

 

 

 

 
(6,695
)
 

 

 

 

 
(6,695
)
Common stock dividends ($0.15 per share)

 

 

 

 

 
(6,359
)
 

 

 

 

 
(6,359
)
Balance at October 2, 2016
52

 
$
1

 
50,335

 
$
503

 
$
1,114,348

 
$
760,688

 
(8,191
)
 
$
(400,718
)
 
$
(62,876
)
 
$
1,106

 
$
1,413,052

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

- 4-



BELDEN INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Note 1:  Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include Belden Inc. and all of its subsidiaries (the Company, us, we, or our). We eliminate all significant affiliate accounts and transactions in consolidation.
The accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements presented as of any date other than December 31, 2015:
Are prepared from the books and records without audit, and
Are prepared in accordance with the instructions for Form 10-Q and do not include all of the information required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States for complete statements, but
Include all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair presentation of the financial statements.
These Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data contained in our 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K and Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 31, 2016.
Business Description
We are an innovative signal transmission solutions provider built around five global business platforms – Broadcast Solutions, Enterprise Connectivity Solutions, Industrial Connectivity Solutions, Industrial IT Solutions, and Network Security Solutions. Our comprehensive portfolio of signal transmission solutions provides industry leading secure and reliable transmission of data, sound and video for mission critical applications.
Reporting Periods
Our fiscal year and fiscal fourth quarter both end on December 31. Our fiscal first quarter ends on the Sunday falling closest to 91 days after December 31, which was April 3, 2016, the 94th day of our fiscal year 2016. Our fiscal second and third quarters each have 91 days. The nine months ended October 2, 2016 and September 27, 2015 included 276 days and 270 days, respectively.
Reclassifications
We have made certain reclassifications to the 2015 Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements with no impact to reported net income in order to conform to the 2016 presentation.
Fair Value Measurement
Accounting guidance for fair value measurements specifies a hierarchy of valuation techniques based upon whether the inputs to those valuation techniques reflect assumptions other market participants would use based upon market data obtained from independent sources or reflect our own assumptions of market participant valuation. The hierarchy is broken down into three levels based on the reliability of the inputs as follows:
Level 1 – Quoted prices in active markets that are unadjusted and accessible at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities;
Level 2 – Quoted prices for identical assets and liabilities in markets that are not active, quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, or financial instruments for which significant inputs are observable, either directly or indirectly; and
Level 3 – Prices or valuations that require inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable. 
As of and during the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016 and September 27, 2015, we utilized Level 1 inputs to determine the fair value of cash equivalents and Level 3 inputs to determine the fair value of the estimated earn-out liability related to an

- 5-



acquisition. See Note 2 for further discussion. We did not have any transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 fair value measurements during the nine months ended October 2, 2016 and September 27, 2015.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
We classify cash on hand and deposits in banks, including commercial paper, money market accounts, and other investments with an original maturity of three months or less, that we hold from time to time, as cash and cash equivalents. We periodically have cash equivalents consisting of short-term money market funds and other investments. The primary objective of our investment activities is to preserve our capital for the purpose of funding operations. We do not enter into investments for trading or speculative purposes. As of October 2, 2016, we did not have any significant cash equivalents.
Contingent Liabilities
We have established liabilities for environmental and legal contingencies that are probable of occurrence and reasonably estimable, the amounts of which are currently not material. We accrue environmental remediation costs based on estimates of known environmental remediation exposures developed in consultation with our environmental consultants and legal counsel. We are, from time to time, subject to routine litigation incidental to our business. These lawsuits primarily involve claims for damages arising out of the use of our products, allegations of patent or trademark infringement, and litigation and administrative proceedings involving employment matters and commercial disputes. Based on facts currently available, we believe the disposition of the claims that are pending or asserted will not have a materially adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations, or cash flow.
As of October 2, 2016, we were party to standby letters of credit, bank guaranties, and surety bonds totaling $8.6 million, $3.0 million, and $2.4 million, respectively.
Revenue Recognition
We recognize revenue when all of the following circumstances are satisfied: (1) persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, (2) price is fixed or determinable, (3) collectability is reasonably assured, and (4) delivery has occurred. Delivery occurs in the period in which the customer takes title and assumes the risks and rewards of ownership of the products specified in the customer’s purchase order or sales agreement. At times, we enter into arrangements that involve the delivery of multiple elements. For these arrangements, when the elements can be separated, the revenue is allocated to each deliverable based on that element’s relative selling price and recognized based on the period of delivery for each element. Generally, we determine relative selling price using our best estimate of selling price, unless we have established vendor specific objective evidence (VSOE) or third party evidence of fair value exists for such arrangements.
We record revenue net of estimated rebates, price allowances, invoicing adjustments, and product returns. We record revisions to these estimates in the period in which the facts that give rise to each revision become known.
We have certain products subject to the accounting guidance on software revenue recognition. For such products, software license revenue is recognized when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery of the product has occurred, the fee is fixed or determinable, collection is probable and VSOE of the fair value of undelivered elements exists. As substantially all of the software licenses are sold in multiple-element arrangements that include either support or both support and professional services, we use the residual method to determine the amount of software license revenue to be recognized. Under the residual method, consideration is allocated to undelivered elements based upon VSOE of the fair value of those elements, with the residual of the arrangement fee allocated to and recognized as software license revenue. In our Network Security Solutions segment, we have established VSOE of the fair value of support, subscription-based software licenses and professional services. Software license revenue is generally recognized upon delivery of the software if all revenue recognition criteria are met.
Revenue allocated to support services under our Network Security Solutions support contracts, subscription-based software, and remote ongoing operational services is paid in advance and recognized ratably over the term of the service. Revenue allocated to professional services, including remote implementation services, is recognized as the services are performed.
Discontinued Operations
In the nine months ended September 27, 2015, we recognized a $0.2 million ($0.1 million net of tax) loss from disposal of discontinued operations for a final escrow settlement related to the 2010 disposition of Trapeze Networks, Inc. Additionally, in both the three and nine months ended September 27, 2015, we recognized a $0.2 million net loss from discontinued operations for income tax expense related to this disposed business.

- 6-



Subsequent Events
We have evaluated subsequent events after the balance sheet date through the financial statement issuance date for appropriate accounting and disclosure. See Note 13.
Current-Year Adoption of Accounting Pronouncements
In April 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2015-03, Interest – Imputation of Interest (Subtopic 835-30): Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs (ASU 2015-03), which requires that debt issuance costs related to a recognized debt liability be presented in the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability, consistent with debt discounts. The standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2015. We adopted ASU 2015-03 effective January 1, 2016, retrospectively. Adoption resulted in a $6.0 million decrease in total current assets, a $19.2 million decrease in other long-lived assets, and a $25.2 million decrease in long-term debt in our Consolidated Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2015 compared to the prior period presentation. Adoption had no impact on our results of operations.
Pending Adoption of Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In May 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (ASU 2014-09), which will replace most existing revenue recognition guidance in U.S. GAAP. The core principle of the ASU is that an entity should recognize revenue for the transfer of goods or services equal to the amount that it expects to be entitled to receive for those goods or services. ASU 2014-09 requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including significant judgments and changes in judgments. ASU 2014-09 will be effective for us beginning January 1, 2018, and allows for both retrospective and modified retrospective methods of adoption. Early adoption beginning January 1, 2017 is permitted. We are continuing the process of determining the method and timing of adoption and assessing the impact of ASU 2014-09 on our Consolidated Financial Statements. Our initial assessment indicates that the overall impact of adopting ASU 2014-09 is expected to be minimal. Any significant impact is expected to be limited to a software product line within our Broadcast segment that generates an immaterial amount of annual revenues.
In August 2014, the FASB issued disclosure guidance that requires us to evaluate, at each annual and interim period, whether substantial doubt exists about our ability to continue as a going concern, and if applicable, to provide related disclosures. The new guidance will be effective for us for our annual period ending December 31, 2016. This guidance is not currently expected to have a material effect on our financial statement disclosures upon adoption, although the ultimate impact will be dependent on our financial condition and expected operating outlook at such time.
In February 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-02, Leases (ASU 2016-02), a leasing standard for both lessees and lessors. Under its core principle, a lessee will recognize lease assets and liabilities on the balance sheet for all arrangements with terms longer than 12 months. Lessor accounting remains largely consistent with existing U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. The new standard will be effective for us beginning January 1, 2019. Early adoption is permitted. The standard requires the use of a modified retrospective transition method. We are evaluating the effect that ASU 2016-02 will have on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
In March 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-09, Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting (ASU 2016-09), which requires entities to recognize the income tax effects of stock awards in the income statement when the awards vest or are settled. Further, ASU 2016-09 allows entities to withhold up to the maximum individual statutory tax rate without classifying the stock awards as a liability and to account for forfeitures either upon occurrence or by estimating forfeitures. The new standard will be effective for us beginning January 1, 2017. Early adoption is permitted. We are evaluating the effect that ASU 2016-09 will have on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

 In October 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-16, Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory (ASU 2016-16), which requires recognition of the income tax consequences of an intra-entity transfer of an asset other than inventory when the transfer occurs. Consequently, the standard eliminates the exception to the recognition of current and deferred income taxes for an intra-entity asset transfer other than for inventory until the asset has been sold to an outside party. The new standard will be effective for us beginning January 1, 2017. Early adoption is permitted. We are evaluating the effect that ASU 2016-16 will have on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.



- 7-



Note 2:  Acquisitions
M2FX
We acquired 100% of the shares of M2FX Limited (M2FX) on January 7, 2016 for a preliminary purchase price of $18.9 million. Of the total purchase price, $3.3 million has been preliminarily deferred as estimated earn-out consideration. The estimated earn-out is scheduled to be paid in early 2017, if certain financial targets are achieved. We determined the estimated fair value of the earn-out with the assistance of a third party valuation specialist using a probability weighted discounted cash flow model. M2FX is a manufacturer of fiber optic cable and fiber protective solutions for broadband access and telecommunications networks. M2FX is located in the United Kingdom. The results of M2FX have been included in our Consolidated Financial Statements from January 7, 2016, and are reported within the Broadcast segment. The M2FX acquisition was not material to our financial position or results of operations.
Note 3:  Operating Segments
We are organized around five global business platforms:  Broadcast, Enterprise Connectivity, Industrial Connectivity, Industrial IT, and Network Security. Each of the global business platforms represents a reportable segment.
To capitalize on the adoption of IP technology and accelerate our penetration of the commercial audio-video market, we transferred responsibility of audio-video cable and connectors from our Broadcast platform to our Enterprise Connectivity platform effective January 1, 2016. We have revised the prior period segment information to conform to the change in the composition of these reportable segments. This transfer had no impact to our reporting units for purposes of goodwill impairment testing.
The key measures of segment profit or loss reviewed by our chief operating decision maker are Segment Revenues and Segment EBITDA. Segment Revenues represent non-affiliate revenues and include revenues that would have otherwise been recorded by acquired businesses as independent entities but were not recognized in our Consolidated Statements of Operations due to the effects of purchase accounting and the associated write-down of acquired deferred revenue to fair value. Segment EBITDA excludes certain items, including depreciation expense; amortization of intangibles; asset impairment; severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs; purchase accounting effects related to acquisitions, such as the adjustment of acquired inventory and deferred revenue to fair value; and other costs. We allocate corporate expenses to the segments for purposes of measuring Segment EBITDA. Corporate expenses are allocated on the basis of each segment’s relative EBITDA prior to the allocation.
Our measure of segment assets does not include cash, goodwill, intangible assets, deferred tax assets, or corporate assets. All goodwill is allocated to reporting units of our segments for purposes of impairment testing.
 

- 8-



 
 
Broadcast
Solutions    
 
Enterprise
Connectivity
Solutions     
 
Industrial
Connectivity
Solutions     
 
Industrial
IT
Solutions     
 
Network
Security
Solutions     
 
Total
Segments     
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
As of and for the three months ended October 2, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment revenues
 
$
196,173

 
$
156,658

 
$
149,847

 
$
60,168

 
$
39,622

 
$
602,468

Affiliate revenues
 
46

 
1,587

 
511

 
13

 

 
2,157

Segment EBITDA
 
36,545

 
27,294

 
23,649

 
12,771

 
11,677

 
111,936

Depreciation expense
 
4,063

 
3,210

 
2,738

 
565

 
1,027

 
11,603

Amortization expense
 
10,955

 
431

 
604

 
1,501

 
10,317

 
23,808

Severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs
 
174

 
5,573

 
4,746

 
2,302

 

 
12,795

Deferred gross profit adjustments
 
283

 

 

 

 
1,076

 
1,359

Segment assets
 
314,020

 
265,085

 
261,923

 
62,828

 
43,110

 
946,966

As of and for the three months ended September 27, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment revenues
 
$
186,722

 
$
155,148

 
$
147,702

 
$
59,184

 
$
41,359

 
$
590,115

Affiliate revenues
 
42

 
1,630

 
355

 
37

 

 
2,064

Segment EBITDA
 
27,369

 
25,705

 
23,225

 
10,466

 
11,240

 
98,005

Depreciation expense
 
4,027

 
3,156

 
2,810

 
570

 
1,255

 
11,818

Amortization expense
 
12,354

 
429

 
799

 
1,480

 
10,607

 
25,669

Severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs
 
13,722

 
192

 
118

 
54

 
57

 
14,143

Deferred gross profit adjustments
 
419

 

 

 

 
10,909

 
11,328

Segment assets
 
346,271

 
266,248

 
250,622

 
61,441

 
41,520

 
966,102

As of and for the nine months ended October 2, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment revenues
 
$
560,966

 
$
452,951

 
$
438,746

 
$
176,560

 
$
120,426

 
$
1,749,649

Affiliate revenues
 
644

 
4,615

 
906

 
44

 

 
6,209

Segment EBITDA
 
89,317

 
80,605

 
73,700

 
34,056

 
32,659

 
310,337

Depreciation expense
 
12,086

 
10,028

 
8,165

 
1,749

 
3,225

 
35,253

Amortization expense
 
37,306

 
1,292

 
1,796

 
4,517

 
30,692

 
75,603

Severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs
 
5,871

 
7,280

 
7,982

 
5,910

 
29

 
27,072

Purchase accounting effects of acquisitions
 
195

 

 

 

 

 
195

Deferred gross profit adjustments
 
1,391

 

 

 

 
4,021

 
5,412

Segment assets
 
314,020

 
265,085

 
261,923

 
62,828

 
43,110

 
946,966

As of and for the nine months ended September 27, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment revenues
 
$
538,145

 
$
458,756

 
$
461,549

 
$
181,527

 
$
118,102

 
$
1,758,079

Affiliate revenues
 
24

 
5,328

 
1,086

 
68

 
8

 
6,514

Segment EBITDA
 
73,374

 
75,506

 
76,078

 
31,731

 
29,913

 
286,602

Depreciation expense
 
12,140

 
9,550

 
8,530

 
1,713

 
3,118

 
35,051

Amortization expense
 
37,375

 
1,290

 
2,429

 
4,369

 
32,627

 
78,090

Severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs
 
28,532

 
843

 
3,054

 
2

 
1,102

 
33,533

Purchase accounting effects of acquisitions
 

 

 
267

 

 
9,155

 
9,422

Deferred gross profit adjustments
 
2,789

 

 

 

 
43,637

 
46,426

Segment assets
 
346,271

 
266,248

 
250,622

 
61,441

 
41,520

 
966,102


The following table is a reconciliation of the total of the reportable segments’ Revenues and EBITDA to consolidated revenues and consolidated income from continuing operations before taxes, respectively.
 

- 9-



 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
October 2, 2016
 
September 27, 2015
 
October 2, 2016
 
September 27, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
 
(In thousands)
Total Segment Revenues
$
602,468

 
$
590,115

 
$
1,749,649

 
$
1,758,079

Deferred revenue adjustments (1)
(1,359
)
 
(10,849
)
 
(5,412
)
 
(46,101
)
Consolidated Revenues
$
601,109

 
$
579,266

 
$
1,744,237

 
$
1,711,978

Total Segment EBITDA
$
111,936

 
$
98,005

 
$
310,337

 
$
286,602

Amortization of intangibles
(23,808
)
 
(25,669
)
 
(75,603
)
 
(78,090
)
Deferred gross profit adjustments (1)
(1,359
)
 
(11,328
)
 
(5,412
)
 
(46,426
)
Severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs (2)
(12,795
)
 
(14,143
)
 
(27,072
)
 
(33,533
)
Depreciation expense
(11,603
)
 
(11,818
)
 
(35,253
)
 
(35,051
)
Purchase accounting effects related to acquisitions (3)

 

 
(195
)
 
(9,422
)
Income from equity method investment
586

 
348

 
1,077

 
1,459

Eliminations
(977
)
 
(893
)
 
(2,694
)
 
(1,996
)
Consolidated operating income
61,980

 
34,502

 
165,185

 
83,543

Interest expense, net
(23,513
)
 
(25,416
)
 
(71,958
)
 
(74,031
)
Consolidated income from continuing operations before taxes
$
38,467

 
$
9,086

 
$
93,227

 
$
9,512

(1) For both the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016 and September 27, 2015, both our consolidated revenues and gross profit were negatively impacted by the reduction of the acquired deferred revenue balance to fair value associated with our 2015 acquisition of Tripwire.
(2)  See Note 7, Severance, Restructuring, and Acquisition Integration Activities, for details.
(3)  For the nine months ended October 2, 2016, we recognized $0.2 million of cost of sales related to the adjustment of acquired inventory to fair value related to our acquisition of M2FX. For the nine months ended September 27, 2015, we recognized $9.2 million of compensation expense related to the accelerated vesting of acquiree stock based compensation awards associated with our acquisition of Tripwire. In addition, we recognized $0.3 million of cost of sales related to the adjustment of acquired inventory to fair value related to our acquisition of Coast.
Note 4: Income per Share
The following table presents the basis for the income per share computations:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
October 2, 2016
 
September 27, 2015
 
October 2, 2016
 
September 27, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations
$
35,565

 
$
14,811

 
$
93,740

 
$
16,852

Less: Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest
(88
)
 

 
(286
)
 

Less: Preferred stock dividends
6,695

 

 
6,695

 

Income from continuing operations attributable to Belden common stockholders
28,958

 
14,811

 
87,331

 
16,852

Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax, attributable to Belden common stockholders

 
(242
)
 

 
(242
)
Loss from disposal of discontinued operations, net of tax, attributable to Belden common stockholders

 

 

 
(86
)
Net income attributable to Belden common stockholders
$
28,958

 
$
14,569

 
$
87,331

 
$
16,524

Denominator:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average shares outstanding, basic
42,126

 
42,417

 
42,073

 
42,536

Effect of dilutive common stock equivalents
475

 
491

 
459

 
581

Weighted average shares outstanding, diluted
42,601

 
42,908

 
42,532

 
43,117

For the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016, diluted weighted average shares outstanding do not include outstanding equity awards of 0.2 million and 0.5 million, respectively, and also do not include preferred shares that are convertible into 5.2 million and 1.7 million common shares, respectively, because to do so would have been anti-dilutive. For the three and nine months

- 10-



ended September 27, 2015, diluted weighted average shares outstanding do not include outstanding equity awards of 0.5 million and 0.3 million, respectively, because to do so would have been anti-dilutive.
For purposes of calculating basic earnings per share, unvested restricted stock units are not included in the calculation of basic weighted average shares outstanding until all necessary conditions have been satisfied and issuance of the shares underlying the restricted stock units is no longer contingent. Necessary conditions are not satisfied until the vesting date, at which time holders of our restricted stock units receive shares of our common stock.
For purposes of calculating diluted earnings per share, unvested restricted stock units are included to the extent that they are dilutive. In determining whether unvested restricted stock units are dilutive, each issuance of restricted stock units is considered separately.
Once a restricted stock unit has vested, it is included in the calculation of both basic and diluted weighted average shares outstanding.
Note 5:  Inventories
The major classes of inventories were as follows:
 
 
October 2, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Raw materials
$
94,789

 
$
92,929

Work-in-process
24,627

 
27,730

Finished goods
99,477

 
97,814

Gross inventories
218,893

 
218,473

Excess and obsolete reserves
(25,393
)
 
(22,531
)
Net inventories
$
193,500

 
$
195,942

Note 6:  Long-Lived Assets
Depreciation and Amortization Expense
We recognized depreciation expense of $11.6 million and $35.3 million in the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016, respectively. We recognized depreciation expense of $11.8 million and $35.1 million in the three and nine months ended September 27, 2015, respectively.
We recognized amortization expense related to our intangible assets of $23.8 million and $75.6 million in the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016, respectively. We recognized amortization expense related to our intangible assets of $25.7 million and $78.1 million in the three and nine months ended September 27, 2015, respectively.
Note 7:  Severance, Restructuring, and Acquisition Integration Activities
Industrial Restructuring Program
Both our Industrial Connectivity and Industrial IT segments have been negatively impacted by a decline in sales volume. Global demand for industrial products has been negatively impacted by the strengthened U.S. dollar and lower energy prices. Our customers have reduced capital spending in response to these conditions, and we expect these conditions to continue to negatively impact our industrial segments’ sales volume. In response to these industrial market conditions, we began to execute a restructuring program in the fourth quarter of 2015 to reduce our cost structure. We recognized $2.6 million and $8.4 million of severance and other restructuring costs for this program during the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016, respectively. We do not expect to incur any more restructuring costs for this program. We expect the restructuring program to generate approximately $18 million of savings on an annualized basis, which we began to realize in the first quarter of 2016.
Industrial Manufacturing Footprint Program
In further response to the industrial market conditions described above, in the first quarter of 2016 we began a program to further consolidate our manufacturing footprint. The manufacturing consolidation is expected to be completed by the end of 2017. We recognized $10.0 million and $12.5 million of severance and other restructuring costs for this program during the three and nine

- 11-



months ended October 2, 2016, respectively. The costs were incurred by the Enterprise and Industrial Connectivity segments, as the manufacturing locations involved in the program serve both platforms. We expect to incur approximately $5 million and $15 million of additional severance and other restructuring costs for this program in 2016 and 2017, respectively. We expect the program to generate approximately $10 million of savings on an annualized basis, beginning in the second half of 2017.
Grass Valley Restructuring Program
Our Broadcast segment’s Grass Valley brand was negatively impacted by a decline in global demand of broadcast technology infrastructure products. Outside of the U.S., demand for these products was impacted by the relative price increase of products due to the strengthened U.S. dollar as well as the impact of weaker economic conditions which have resulted in lower capital spending. Within the U.S., demand for these products was impacted by deferred capital spending. We believe broadcast customers have deferred their capital spending as they navigate through a number of important industry transitions and a changing media landscape. In response to these broadcast market conditions, we began to execute a restructuring program beginning in the third quarter of 2015 to further reduce our cost structure. We recognized $0.1 million and $5.1 million of severance and other restructuring costs for this program during the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016, respectively. We expect to incur approximately $1 million of additional severance and other restructuring costs for this program in the fourth quarter of 2016. We expect the restructuring program to generate approximately $30 million of savings on an annualized basis, which we began to realize in the fourth quarter of 2015.
Productivity Improvement Program and Acquisition Integration
In 2014, we began a productivity improvement program and the integration of our acquisition of Grass Valley. The productivity improvement program focused on improving the productivity of our sales, marketing, finance, and human resources functions relative to our peers. The majority of the costs for the productivity improvement program related to the Industrial Connectivity, Enterprise, and Industrial IT segments. The restructuring and integration activities related to our acquisition of Grass Valley focused on achieving desired cost savings by consolidating existing and acquired operating facilities and other support functions. We substantially completed the productivity improvement program and the acquisition integration activities in 2015. In the three and nine months ended September 27, 2015, we recorded severance, restructuring, and integration costs of $0.1 million and $19.5 million, respectively, related to these two significant programs, as well as other cost reduction actions and the integration of our acquisitions of ProSoft, Coast, and Tripwire. In the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016, we recognized $0.1 million and $1.1 million of costs, respectively, primarily related to our 2016 acquisition of M2FX.
The following table summarizes the costs by segment of the various programs described above:
 

- 12-



Three Months Ended October 2, 2016
 
Severance     
 
Other
Restructuring
  and Integration  
Costs
 
Total Costs     
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Broadcast Solutions
 
$
(114
)
 
$
288

 
$
174

Enterprise Connectivity Solutions
 
(21
)
 
5,594

 
5,573

Industrial Connectivity Solutions
 
184

 
4,562

 
4,746

Industrial IT Solutions
 
1,103

 
1,199

 
2,302

Network Security Solutions
 

 

 

Total
 
$
1,152

 
$
11,643

 
$
12,795

Three Months Ended September 27, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
Broadcast Solutions
 
$
11,978

 
$
1,744

 
$
13,722

Enterprise Connectivity Solutions
 
99

 
93

 
192

Industrial Connectivity Solutions
 

 
118

 
118

Industrial IT Solutions
 

 
54

 
54

Network Security Solutions
 

 
57

 
57

Total
 
$
12,077

 
$
2,066

 
$
14,143

Nine Months Ended October 2, 2016
 
 
 
 
 
 
Broadcast Solutions
 
$
(865
)
 
$
6,736

 
$
5,871

Enterprise Connectivity Solutions
 
55

 
7,225

 
7,280

Industrial Connectivity Solutions
 
1,961

 
6,021

 
7,982

Industrial IT Solutions
 
3,734

 
2,176

 
5,910

Network Security Solutions
 

 
29

 
29

Total
 
$
4,885

 
$
22,187

 
$
27,072

Nine Months Ended September 27, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
Broadcast Solutions
 
$
12,691

 
$
15,852

 
$
28,543

Enterprise Connectivity Solutions
 
171

 
661

 
832

Industrial Connectivity Solutions
 
967

 
2,087

 
3,054

Industrial IT Solutions
 
(740
)
 
742

 
2

Network Security Solutions
 

 
1,102

 
1,102

Total
 
$
13,089

 
$
20,444

 
$
33,533

Of the total severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs recognized in the three months ended October 2, 2016, $2.9 million, $9.9 million, and $0.0 million were included in cost of sales; selling, general and administrative expenses; and research and development, respectively. Of the total severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs recognized in the three months ended September 27, 2015, $3.2 million, $9.3 million, and $1.6 million were included in cost of sales; selling, general and administrative expenses; and research and development, respectively.
Of the total severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs recognized in the nine months ended October 2, 2016, $6.8 million, $19.6 million, and $0.7 million were included in cost of sales; selling, general and administrative expenses; and research and development, respectively. Of the total severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs recognized in the nine months ended September 27, 2015, $6.3 million, $23.8 million, and $3.4 million were included in cost of sales; selling, general and administrative expenses; and research and development, respectively.
The other restructuring and integration costs primarily consisted of non-cash pension settlement charges due in part to our restructuring activities as well as equipment transfer, costs to consolidate operating and support facilities, retention bonuses, relocation, travel, legal, and other costs. The majority of the other cash restructuring and integration costs related to these actions were paid as incurred or are payable within the next 60 days.    
Accrued Severance
The table below sets forth the activity that occurred for the programs described above with significant severance costs. The balances are included in accrued liabilities.
 

- 13-



 
Grass
Valley
Restructuring     
 
Industrial
Restructuring    
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Balance at December 31, 2015
$
12,076

 
$
2,947

New charges
886

 
2,919

Cash payments
(4,404
)
 
(1,967
)
Foreign currency translation
167

 
94

Other adjustments
(1,528
)
 

Balance at April 3, 2016
$
7,197

 
$
3,993

New charges
251

 
1,489

Cash payments
(3,356
)
 
(1,685
)
Foreign currency translation
(13
)
 
(42
)
Other adjustments
(360
)
 

Balance at July 3, 2016
$
3,719

 
$
3,755

New charges
148

 
1,287

Cash payments
(1,945
)
 
(743
)
Foreign currency translation
32

 
51

Other adjustments
(262
)
 

Balance at October 2, 2016
$
1,692

 
$
4,350

The other adjustments were the result of changes in estimates. We experienced higher than expected voluntary turnover, and as a result, certain approved severance actions were not taken. We expect the majority of the liabilities for these programs to be paid in the fourth quarter of 2016.
Note 8:  Long-Term Debt and Other Borrowing Arrangements
The carrying values of our long-term debt and other borrowing arrangements were as follows:
 
 
October 2, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Revolving credit agreement due 2018
$

 
$
50,000

Variable rate term loan due 2020
242,152

 
243,965

Senior subordinated notes:
 
 
 
5.25% Senior subordinated notes due 2024
200,000

 
200,000

5.50% Senior subordinated notes due 2023
568,449

 
553,835

5.50% Senior subordinated notes due 2022
700,000

 
700,000

9.25% Senior subordinated notes due 2019
5,221

 
5,221

Total senior subordinated notes
1,473,670

 
1,459,056

Total gross debt and other borrowing arrangements
1,715,822

 
1,753,021

Less unamortized debt issuance costs
(22,390
)
 
(25,239
)
Total net debt and other borrowing arrangements
1,693,432

 
1,727,782

Less current maturities of Term Loan
(2,500
)
 
(2,500
)
Long-term debt
$
1,690,932

 
$
1,725,282

Revolving Credit Agreement due 2018
Our revolving credit agreement provides a $400.0 million multi-currency asset-based revolving credit facility (the Revolver). The borrowing base under the Revolver includes eligible accounts receivable; inventory; and property, plant and equipment of certain

- 14-



of our subsidiaries in the U.S., Canada, Germany, the Netherlands, and the UK. In January 2015, we borrowed $200.0 million under the Revolver in order to fund a portion of the purchase price for the acquisition of Tripwire. During the fourth quarter of 2015 and first quarter of 2016, we repaid $150.0 million and $50.0 million, respectively, of the Revolver borrowings. As of October 2, 2016, we had no borrowings outstanding on our revolver, and our available borrowing capacity was $275.1 million. The Revolver matures in 2018. Interest on outstanding borrowings is variable, based upon LIBOR or other similar indices in foreign jurisdictions, plus a spread that ranges from 1.25% - 1.75%, depending upon our leverage position. We pay a commitment fee on our available borrowing capacity of 0.375%. In the event we borrow more than 90% of our borrowing base, we are subject to a fixed charge coverage ratio covenant.
Variable Rate Term Loan due 2020
In 2013, we borrowed $250.0 million under a Term Loan Credit Agreement (the Term Loan). The Term Loan is secured on a second lien basis by the assets securing the Revolving Credit Agreement due 2018 discussed above and on a first lien basis by the stock of certain of our subsidiaries. The borrowings under the Term Loan are scheduled to mature in 2020 and require quarterly amortization payments of approximately $0.6 million. Interest under the Term Loan is variable, based upon the three-month LIBOR plus an applicable spread. The interest rate as of October 2, 2016 was 5.00%. We paid off the Term Loan in the fourth quarter of 2016. See Note 13 for further discussion.
Senior Subordinated Notes
We have outstanding $200.0 million aggregate principal amount of 5.25% senior subordinated notes due 2024 (the 2024 Notes). The 2024 Notes are guaranteed on a senior subordinated basis by certain of our subsidiaries.The 2024 Notes rank equal in right of payment with our senior subordinated notes due 2023, 2022, and 2019 and with any future subordinated debt, and they are subordinated to all of our senior debt and the senior debt of our subsidiary guarantors, including our Term Loan and Revolver. Interest is payable semiannually on January 15 and July 15 of each year.
We have outstanding €500.0 million aggregate principal amount of 5.5% senior subordinated notes due 2023 (the 2023 Notes). The carrying value of the 2023 Notes as of October 2, 2016 is $568.4 million. The 2023 Notes are guaranteed on a senior subordinated basis by certain of our subsidiaries. The notes rank equal in right of payment with our senior subordinated notes due 2024, 2022, and 2019 and with any future subordinated debt, and they are subordinated to all of our senior debt and the senior debt of our subsidiary guarantors, including our Term Loan and Revolver. Interest is payable semiannually on April 15 and October 15 of each year.
We have outstanding $700.0 million aggregate principal amount of 5.5% senior subordinated notes due 2022 (the 2022 Notes). The 2022 Notes are guaranteed on a senior subordinated basis by certain of our subsidiaries. The 2022 Notes rank equal in right of payment with our senior subordinated notes due 2024, 2023, and 2019, and with any future subordinated debt, and they are subordinated to all of our senior debt and the senior debt of our subsidiary guarantors, including our Term Loan and Revolver. Interest is payable semiannually on March 1 and September 1 of each year.
We have outstanding $5.2 million aggregate principal amount of our senior subordinated notes due 2019 (the 2019 Notes). The 2019 Notes have a coupon interest rate of 9.25% and an effective interest rate of 9.75%. The interest on the 2019 Notes is payable semiannually on June 15 and December 15. The 2019 notes are guaranteed on a senior subordinated basis by certain of our subsidiaries.The notes rank equal in right of payment with our senior subordinated notes due 2024, 2023, and 2022, and with any future senior subordinated debt, and are subordinated to all of our senior debt and the senior debt of our subsidiary guarantors, including our Term Loan and Revolver.
Fair Value of Long-Term Debt
The fair value of our senior subordinated notes as of October 2, 2016 was approximately $1,524.7 million based on quoted prices of the debt instruments in inactive markets (Level 2 valuation). This amount represents the fair values of our senior subordinated notes with a carrying value of $1,473.7 million as of October 2, 2016. We believe the fair value of our Term Loan approximates book value.




- 15-



Note 9:  Income Taxes
We recognized income tax expense of $2.9 million for the three months ended October 2, 2016, representing an effective tax rate of 7.5% . We recognized an income tax benefit of $0.5 million for the nine months ended October 2, 2016, representing an effective tax rate of (0.6%). The effective tax rates were impacted by the following significant factors:
We recognized $2.9 million and $11.0 million of tax benefit in the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016, respectively, as the result of securing a significant tax deduction for a foreign currency loss by implementing several transactions related to our international tax structure.
We also recognized a $7.0 million tax benefit in the nine months ended October 2, 2016 for the reduction of deferred tax liabilities related to a previously completed acquisition. As part of an implemented tax planning strategy, we secured a Private Letter Ruling from the Internal Revenue Service that effectively increased the tax basis in the acquired assets to the full fair value. Accordingly, a book-tax difference was eliminated, and we reversed deferred tax liabilities previously recorded, resulting in the tax benefit.
In the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016, we recognized tax benefits of $2.2 million and $6.0 million, respectively, as a result of reducing a deferred tax valuation allowance related to net operating loss carryforwards in a foreign jurisdiction. Based on certain restructuring transactions in the nine months ended October 2, 2016, the net operating loss carryforwards are expected to be realizable.
 
The tax benefits described above for the nine months ended October 2, 2016 were partially offset by a $2.7 million tax expense to record a liability for uncertain tax positions in one of our foreign jurisdictions.
We recognized income tax benefits of $5.7 million and $7.3 million for the three and nine months ended September 27, 2015, respectively, representing effective tax rates of (63.0%) and (77.2%), respectively. A significant factor impacting the income tax benefit for the nine months ended September 27, 2015 was the recognition of a $1.5 million tax benefit as a result of reducing a deferred tax asset valuation allowance related to a capital loss carryforward. Based on transactions in the nine months ended September 27, 2015, the capital loss carryforward became fully realizable. In addition, our effective tax rate in 2015 benefited from a tax planning strategy that allowed us to recognize a significant balance of foreign tax credits related to one of our foreign jurisdictions.
Note 10:  Pension and Other Postretirement Obligations
The following table provides the components of net periodic benefit costs for our pension and other postretirement benefit plans:
 
 
 
Pension Obligations
 
Other Postretirement Obligations
Three Months Ended
 
October 2, 2016
 
September 27, 2015
 
October 2, 2016
 
September 27, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Service cost
 
$
1,282

 
$
1,344

 
$
11

 
$
11

Interest cost
 
2,202

 
2,164

 
305

 
274

Expected return on plan assets
 
(2,931
)
 
(3,202
)
 

 

Amortization of prior service credit
 
(11
)
 
(15
)
 
(11
)
 
(16
)
Actuarial losses
 
659

 
1,349

 
29

 
107

Settlement loss
 
7,385

 

 

 

Net periodic benefit cost
 
$
8,586

 
$
1,640

 
$
334

 
$
376

Nine Months Ended
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service cost
 
$
4,118

 
$
4,562

 
$
40

 
$
43

Interest cost
 
7,020

 
6,909

 
1,152

 
1,076

Expected return on plan assets
 
(9,339
)
 
(9,515
)
 

 

Amortization of prior service credit
 
(29
)
 
(41
)
 
(33
)
 
(66
)
Actuarial losses
 
2,067

 
3,923

 
260

 
359

Settlement loss
 
7,385

 

 

 

Net periodic benefit cost
 
$
11,222

 
$
5,838

 
$
1,419

 
$
1,412


- 16-



Note 11:  Comprehensive Income and Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)
The following table summarizes total comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
October 2, 2016
 
September 27, 2015
 
October 2, 2016
 
September 27, 2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Net income
$
35,565

 
$
14,569

 
$
93,740

 
$
16,524

Foreign currency translation loss, net of $0.4 million, $2.1 million, $1.5 million, and $0.0 million tax, respectively
(8,762
)
 
(25,249
)
 
(9,855
)
 
(15,056
)
Adjustments to pension and postretirement liability, net of $3.1 million, $0.5 million, $3.7 million, and $1.6 million tax, respectively
4,952

 
877

 
5,934

 
2,568

Total comprehensive income (loss)
$
31,755

 
$
(9,803
)
 
$
89,819

 
$
4,036

Less: Comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interest
(91
)
 

 
(318
)
 

Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Belden
$
31,846

 
$
(9,803
)
 
$
90,137

 
$
4,036


The accumulated balances related to each component of other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax, are as follows:
 
 
Foreign 
Currency    
Translation
Component
 
Pension and 
Other    
Postretirement
Benefit Plans
 
Accumulated
Other 
Comprehensive  
Income (Loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Balance at December 31, 2015
$
(23,411
)
 
$
(35,576
)
 
$
(58,987
)
Other comprehensive loss attributable to Belden before reclassifications
(9,823
)
 

 
(9,823
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)

 
5,934

 
5,934

Net current period other comprehensive loss attributable to Belden
(9,823
)
 
5,934

 
(3,889
)
Balance at October 2, 2016
$
(33,234
)
 
$
(29,642
)
 
$
(62,876
)
The following table summarizes the effects of reclassifications from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the nine months ended October 2, 2016:

 
  Amount 
Reclassified from  
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive Income
(Loss)
 
  Affected Line
 Item in the  
Consolidated Statements
of Operations and
Comprehensive Income
 
(In thousands)
 
 
Amortization of pension and other postretirement benefit plan items:
 
 
 
Settlement loss
$
7,385

 
(1)
Actuarial losses
2,327

 
(1)
Prior service credit
(62
)
 
(1)
Total before tax
9,650

 
 
Tax benefit
(3,716
)
 
 
Net of tax
$
5,934

 
 
(1) The amortization of these accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) components are included in the computation of net periodic benefit costs (see Note 10).

- 17-



Note 12:  Preferred Stock
On July 26, 2016, we issued 5.2 million depositary shares, each of which represents 1/100th interest in a share of 6.75% Series B Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock (the Preferred Stock), for an offering price of $100 per depositary share. Holders of the Preferred Stock may elect to convert their shares into common stock at any time prior to the mandatory conversion date. Unless earlier converted, each share of Preferred Stock will automatically convert into common stock on or around July 15, 2019 into between 120.46 and 132.50 shares of Belden common stock, subject to customary anti-dilution adjustments. This represents a range of 6.2 million to 6.9 million shares of Belden common stock to be issued upon conversion. The number of shares of Belden common stock issuable upon the mandatory conversion of the Preferred Stock will be determined based upon the volume-weighted average price of Belden’s common stock over the 20 day trading period beginning on, and including, the 22nd scheduled trading day prior to July 15, 2019. The net proceeds from this offering were approximately $501 million. We intend to use the proceeds for general corporate purposes. During the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016, the Preferred Stock accrued $6.7 million of dividends. With respect to dividend and liquidation rights, the Preferred Stock ranks senior to our common stock and junior to all of our existing and future indebtedness.
Note 13:  Subsequent Events
On October 10, 2016, we completed an offering for €200.0 million ($222.2 million) aggregate principal amount of 4.125% senior subordinated notes due 2026 (the 2026 Notes). The 2026 Notes are guaranteed on a senior subordinated basis by our current and future domestic subsidiaries. The notes rank equal in right of payment with our senior subordinated notes due 2024, 2023, 2022, and 2019 and with any future subordinated debt, and they are subordinated to all of our senior debt and the senior debt of our subsidiary guarantors, including our Revolver. Interest is payable semiannually on April 15 and October 15 of each year, beginning on April 15, 2017. The proceeds from the debt issuance were used to pay off the variable rate term loan due 2020, for which we will recognize a $2.2 million loss on debt extinguishment during the fourth quarter of 2016.
On July 5, 2011, our wholly-owned subsidiary, PPC Broadband, Inc. (PPC), filed an action for patent infringement against Corning Optical Communications RF LLC (Corning). The Complaint alleged that Corning infringed two of PPC’s patents.  On July 23, 2015, a jury found that Corning willfully infringed both patents and awarded damages in the amount of $23.9 million.  On November 3, 2016, following a series of post-trial motions, the trial judge issued a ruling granting us enhanced damages of $47.7 million plus a yet-to-be-determined amount of pre-judgment interest. We have not recorded any amounts in our consolidated financial statements related to this matter, as Corning may appeal the ruling.


- 18-



Item 2:       Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Overview
Belden Inc. (the Company, us, we, or our) is an innovative signal transmission solutions company built around five global business platforms – Broadcast Solutions, Enterprise Connectivity Solutions, Industrial Connectivity Solutions, Industrial IT Solutions, and Network Security Solutions. Our comprehensive portfolio of signal transmission solutions provides industry leading secure and reliable transmission of data, sound, and video for mission critical applications.
We strive for operational excellence through the execution of our Belden Business System, which includes three areas of focus: Lean enterprise initiatives, our Market Delivery System, and our Talent Management System. Through operational excellence we generate significant free cash flow on an annual basis. We utilize the cash flow generated by our business to fuel our continued transformation and generate shareholder value. We believe our business system, balance across markets and geographies, systematic go-to-market approach, extensive portfolio of innovative solutions, commitment to Lean principles, and improving margins present a unique value proposition for shareholders.
We use a set of tools and processes that are designed to continuously improve business performance in the critical areas of quality, delivery, cost, and innovation. We consider revenue growth, Adjusted EBITDA margin, free cash flows, and return on invested capital to be our key operating performance indicators. We also seek to acquire businesses that we believe can help us achieve these objectives.
Trends and Events
The following trends and events during 2016 have had varying effects on our financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.
Foreign currency
Our exposure to currency rate fluctuations primarily relates to exchange rate movements between the U.S. dollar and the Euro, Canadian dollar, Hong Kong dollar, Chinese yuan, Japanese yen, Mexican peso, Australian dollar, British pound, and Brazilian real. Generally, as the U.S. dollar strengthens against these foreign currencies, our revenues and earnings are negatively impacted as our foreign denominated revenues and earnings are translated into U.S. dollars at a lower rate. Conversely, as the U.S. dollar weakens against foreign currencies, our revenues and earnings are positively impacted.
In addition to the translation impact described above, currency rate fluctuations have an economic impact on our financial results. As the U.S. dollar strengthens or weakens against foreign currencies, it results in a relative price increase or decrease for certain of our products that are priced in U.S. dollars in a foreign location.
Commodity prices
Our operating results can be affected by changes in prices of commodities, primarily copper and compounds, which are components in some of the products we sell. Generally, as the costs of inventory purchases increase due to higher commodity prices, we raise selling prices to customers to cover the increase in costs, resulting in higher sales revenue but a lower gross profit percentage. Conversely, a decrease in commodity prices would result in lower sales revenue but a higher gross profit percentage. Selling prices of our products are affected by many factors, including end market demand, capacity utilization, overall economic conditions, and commodity prices. Importantly, however, there is no exact measure of the effect of changing commodity prices, as there are thousands of transactions in any given quarter, each of which has various factors involved in the individual pricing decisions. Therefore, all references to the effect of copper prices or other commodity prices are estimates.
Channel Inventory
Our operating results also can be affected by the levels of Belden products purchased and held as inventory by our channel partners and customers. Our channel partners and customers purchase and hold the products they bought from us in their inventory in order to meet the service and on-time delivery requirements of their customers. Generally, as our channel partners and customers change the level of products they bought from us and hold in their inventory, it impacts our revenues. Comparisons of our results between periods can be impacted by changes in the levels of channel inventory. We use information provided to us by our channel partners and make certain assumptions based on our sales to them to determine the amount of products they bought from us and hold in their inventory. As such, all references to the effect of channel inventory changes are estimates.

- 19-



Market Growth and Market Share
The broadcast, enterprise, industrial, and network security markets in which we operate can generally be characterized as highly competitive and highly fragmented, with many players. Based on available data for our served markets, we estimate that our market shares range from approximately 5% - 20%. A substantial acquisition in one of our served markets would be necessary to meaningfully change our estimated market share percentage. We monitor available data regarding market growth, including independent market research reports, publicly available indices, and the financial results of our direct and indirect peer companies, in order to estimate the extent to which our served markets grew or contracted during a particular period. We expect that our unit sales volume will increase or decrease consistently with the market growth rate. Our strategic goal is to utilize our Market Delivery System to target faster growing geographies, applications, and trends within our end markets, in order to achieve growth that is higher than the general market growth rate. To the extent that we exceed the market growth rates, we consider it to be the result of capturing market share.
Operating Segments
To capitalize on the adoption of IP technology and accelerate our penetration of the commercial audio-video market, we transferred responsibility of audio-video cable and connectors from our Broadcast platform to our Enterprise Connectivity platform effective January 1, 2016. We have revised the prior period segment information to conform to the change in the composition of these reportable segments.
Acquisitions
We completed the acquisitions of M2FX Limited (M2FX) on January 7, 2016 and Tripwire Inc. (Tripwire) on January 2, 2015. The results of M2FX and Tripwire have been included in our Consolidated Financial Statements from their respective acquisition dates and are reported in the Broadcast and Network Security segments, respectively.
Long-Term Debt and Equity
During the first quarter of 2016, we repaid $50.0 million of the Revolver borrowings. As of October 2, 2016, we had no borrowings outstanding on our revolver, and our available borrowing capacity was $275.1 million.
During the third quarter of 2016, we issued 5.2 million depositary shares, each of which represents 1/100th interest in a share of 6.75% Series B Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock (the Preferred Stock), for an offering price of $100 per depositary share. Unless earlier converted, each share of Preferred Stock will automatically convert into common stock on or around July 15, 2019 into between 120.46 and 132.50 shares of Belden common stock, subject to customary anti-dilution adjustments. This represents a range of 6.2 million to 6.9 million shares of Belden common stock to be issued upon conversion. The net proceeds from this offering were approximately $501 million. We intend to use the proceeds for general corporate purposes. During the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016, the Preferred Stock accrued $6.7 million of dividends.
Productivity Improvement Programs
Industrial Restructuring Program
Both our Industrial Connectivity and Industrial IT segments have been negatively impacted by a decline in sales volume. Global demand for industrial products has been negatively impacted by the strengthened U.S. dollar and lower energy prices. Our customers have reduced capital spending in response to these conditions, and we expect these conditions to continue to negatively impact our industrial segments’ sales volume. In response to these industrial market conditions, we began to execute a restructuring program in the fourth quarter of 2015 to reduce our cost structure. We recognized $2.6 million and $8.4 million of severance and other restructuring costs for this program during the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016, respectively. We do not expect to incur any more restructuring costs for this program. We expect the restructuring program to generate approximately $18 million of savings on an annualized basis, which we began to realize in the first quarter of 2016.
Industrial Manufacturing Footprint Program
In further response to the industrial market conditions described above, in the first quarter of 2016 we began a program to further consolidate our manufacturing footprint. The manufacturing consolidation is expected to be completed by the end of 2017. We recognized $10.0 million and $12.5 million of severance and other restructuring costs for this program during the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016, respectively. The costs were incurred by the Enterprise and Industrial Connectivity segments, as the manufacturing locations involved in the program serve both platforms. We expect to incur approximately $5 million and $15 million of additional severance and other restructuring costs for this program in 2016 and 2017, respectively. We expect the program to generate approximately $10 million of savings on an annualized basis, beginning in the second half of 2017.

- 20-



Grass Valley Restructuring Program
Our Broadcast segment’s Grass Valley brand was negatively impacted by a decline in global demand of broadcast technology infrastructure products. Outside of the U.S., demand for these products was impacted by the relative price increase of products due to the strengthened U.S. dollar as well as the impact of weaker economic conditions which have resulted in lower capital spending. Within the U.S., demand for these products was impacted by deferred capital spending. We believe broadcast customers have deferred their capital spending as they navigate through a number of important industry transitions and a changing media landscape. In response to these broadcast market conditions, we began to execute a restructuring program beginning in the third quarter of 2015 to further reduce our cost structure. We recognized $0.1 million and $5.1 million of severance and other restructuring costs for this program during the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016, respectively. We expect to incur approximately $1 million of additional severance and other restructuring costs for this program in the fourth quarter of 2016. We expect the restructuring program to generate approximately $30 million of savings on an annualized basis, which we began to realize in the fourth quarter of 2015.
Productivity Improvement Program and Acquisition Integration
In 2014, we began a productivity improvement program and the integration of our acquisition of Grass Valley. The productivity improvement program focused on improving the productivity of our sales, marketing, finance, and human resources functions relative to our peers. The majority of the costs for the productivity improvement program related to the Industrial Connectivity, Enterprise, and Industrial IT segments. The restructuring and integration activities related to our acquisition of Grass Valley focused on achieving desired cost savings by consolidating existing and acquired operating facilities and other support functions. We substantially completed the productivity improvement program and the acquisition integration activities in 2015. In the three and nine months ended September 27, 2015, we recorded severance, restructuring, and integration costs of $0.1 million and $19.5 million, respectively, related to these two significant programs, as well as other cost reduction actions and the integration of our acquisitions of ProSoft, Coast, and Tripwire. In the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016, we recognized $0.1 million and $1.1 million of costs, respectively, primarily related to our 2016 acquisition of M2FX.
United Kingdom Referendum
The United Kingdom’s (the UK’s) June 2016 vote in favor of exiting the European Union (the EU) adversely impacted global markets, including currencies, and resulted in a sharp decline in the value of the British pound, as compared to the U.S. dollar and other currencies. Volatility in exchange rates is expected to continue in the short term as the UK negotiates its exit from the EU. A weaker British pound compared to the U.S. dollar during a reporting period causes local currency results of our UK operations to be translated into fewer U.S. dollars. For the nine months ended October 2, 2016, approximately 3% of our revenues were to customers located in the UK. In the longer term, any impact on our results of operations from the potential exit of the UK from the EU will depend, in part, on the outcome of tariff, trade, regulatory, and other negotiations between the UK and the EU.
Subsequent Event
On October 10, 2016, we completed an offering for €200.0 million ($222.2 million) aggregate principal amount of 4.125% senior subordinated notes due 2026 (the 2026 Notes). The proceeds from the debt issuance were used to pay off the variable rate term loan due 2020, for which we will recognize a $2.2 million loss on debt extinguishment in the fourth quarter of 2016.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
We have no off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows that are or would be considered material to investors.
Critical Accounting Policies
During the nine months ended October 2, 2016:
We did not change any of our existing critical accounting policies from those listed in our 2015 Annual Report on Form 10-K;
No existing accounting policies became critical accounting policies because of an increase in the materiality of associated transactions or changes in the circumstances to which associated judgments and estimates relate; and
There were no significant changes in the manner in which critical accounting policies were applied or in which related judgments and estimates were developed.


- 21-



Results of Operations
Consolidated Income from Continuing Operations before Taxes
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
 
October 2, 2016
 
September 27, 2015
 
%
Change  
 
October 2, 2016
 
September 27, 2015
 
%
Change  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands, except percentages)
Revenues
$
601,109

 
$
579,266

 
3.8
 %
 
$
1,744,237

 
$
1,711,978

 
1.9
 %
Gross profit
245,962

 
226,131

 
8.8
 %
 
719,210

 
668,056

 
7.7
 %
Selling, general and administrative expenses
(126,662
)
 
(127,792
)
 
(0.9
)%
 
(372,125
)
 
(395,424
)
 
(5.9
)%
Research and development
(33,512
)
 
(38,168
)
 
(12.2
)%
 
(106,297
)
 
(110,999
)
 
(4.2
)%
Amortization of intangibles
(23,808
)
 
(25,669
)
 
(7.2
)%
 
(75,603
)
 
(78,090
)
 
(3.2
)%
Operating income
61,980

 
34,502

 
79.6
 %
 
165,185

 
83,543

 
97.7
 %
Interest expense, net
(23,513
)
 
(25,416
)
 
(7.5
)%
 
(71,958
)
 
(74,031
)
 
(2.8
)%
Income from continuing operations before taxes
38,467

 
9,086

 
323.4
 %
 
93,227

 
9,512

 
880.1
 %
Revenues increased in the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016 from the comparable periods of 2015 due to the following factors:
Increases in unit sales volume resulted in increases in revenues of $25.0 million and $66.0 million, respectively. Volume growth was the strongest in our broadcast and enterprise markets.
Acquisitions contributed $1.8 million and $5.4 million of revenues, respectively.
Lower copper costs resulted in revenue decreases of $4.1 million and $26.1 million, respectively.
Unfavorable currency translation resulted in revenue decreases of $0.9 million and $13.1 million, respectively.
Gross profit increased in the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016 from the comparable periods of 2015 due to the increases in sales volume noted above and improved productivity as a result of our restructuring actions. The increases in productivity and sales volume that led to increases in gross profit were most notable in our Broadcast and Enterprise segments.
Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased in the three months ended October 2, 2016 from the comparable period of 2015 primarily due to improved productivity as a result of our restructuring actions. Additionally, favorable currency translation resulted in a $0.7 million decrease in expense. These factors were partially offset by a $0.6 million increase in severance, restructuring and acquisition integration costs.
Selling, general and administrative expenses decreased in the nine months ended October 2, 2016 from the comparable period of 2015 primarily due to $9.2 million of compensation expense that we recognized in the prior year as a result of accelerating the vesting of certain acquiree equity awards at the closing of the Tripwire acquisition. In addition, favorable currency translation resulted in a $4.3 million decrease in selling, general and administrative expenses. The remaining decrease was due to improved productivity from our restructuring actions.
Operating income increased in both the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016 from the comparable periods of 2015 primarily due to the increases in gross profit and decreases in selling, general and administrative expenses discussed above. Favorable currency translation contributed $0.9 million and $6.4 million of the increase in operating income, respectively.
Income before taxes increased in both the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016 from the comparable periods of 2015 primarily due to the increases in operating income discussed above.





- 22-



Income Taxes

 
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
 
October 2, 2016
 
September 27, 2015
 
%
Change  
 
October 2, 2016
 
September 27, 2015
 
%
Change  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands, except percentages)
Income from continuing operations before taxes
$
38,467

 
$
9,086

 
323.4
 %
 
$
93,227

 
$
9,512

 
880.1
 %
Income tax benefit (expense)
(2,902
)
 
5,725

 
(150.7
)%
 
513

 
7,340

 
(93.0
)%
Effective tax rate
7.5
%
 
(63.0
)%
 
 
 
(0.6
)%
 
(77.2
)%
 
 
We recognized income tax expense of $2.9 million for the three months ended October 2, 2016, representing an effective tax rate of 7.5% . We recognized an income tax benefit of $0.5 million for the nine months ended October 2, 2016, representing an effective tax rate of (0.6%). The effective tax rates were impacted by the following significant factors:
We recognized $2.9 million and $11.0 million of tax benefit in the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016, respectively, as the result of securing a significant tax deduction for a foreign currency loss by implementing several transactions related to our international tax structure.
We also recognized a $7.0 million tax benefit in the nine months ended October 2, 2016 for the reduction of deferred tax liabilities related to a previously completed acquisition. As part of an implemented tax planning strategy, we secured a Private Letter Ruling from the Internal Revenue Service that effectively increased the tax basis in the acquired assets to the full fair value. Accordingly, a book-tax difference was eliminated, and we reversed deferred tax liabilities previously recorded, resulting in the tax benefit.
In the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016, we recognized tax benefits of $2.2 million and $6.0 million, respectively, as a result of reducing a deferred tax valuation allowance related to net operating loss carryforwards in a foreign jurisdiction. Based on certain restructuring transactions in the nine months ended October 2, 2016, the net operating loss carryforwards are expected to be realizable.
 
The tax benefits described above for the nine months ended October 2, 2016 were partially offset by a $2.7 million tax expense to record a liability for uncertain tax positions in one of our foreign jurisdictions.
We recognized income tax benefits of $5.7 million and $7.3 million for the three and nine months ended September 27, 2015, respectively, representing effective tax rates of (63.0%) and (77.2%), respectively. A significant factor impacting the income tax benefit for the nine months ended September 27, 2015 was the recognition of a $1.5 million tax benefit as a result of reducing a deferred tax asset valuation allowance related to a capital loss carryforward. Based on transactions in the nine months ended September 27, 2015, the capital loss carryforward became fully realizable. In addition, our effective tax rate in 2015 benefited from a tax planning strategy that allowed us to recognize a significant balance of foreign tax credits related to one of our foreign jurisdictions.
Our income tax expense was also impacted by foreign tax rate differences. The statutory tax rates associated with our foreign earnings generally are lower than the statutory U.S. tax rate of 35%. This had the greatest impact on our income from continuing operations before taxes that is generated in Germany, Canada, and the Netherlands, which have statutory tax rates of approximately 28%, 26%, and 25%, respectively. Foreign tax rate differences reduced our income tax expense by approximately $9.0 million and $2.0 million for the nine months ended October 2, 2016 and September 27, 2015, respectively.
Our income tax expense and effective tax rate in future periods may be impacted by many factors, including our geographic mix of income and changes in tax laws.






- 23-



Consolidated Adjusted Revenues and Adjusted EBITDA
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended
 
 
 
October 2, 2016
 
September 27, 2015
 
%
Change  
 
October 2, 2016
 
September 27, 2015
 
%
Change  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands, except percentages)
Adjusted Revenues
$
602,468

 
$
590,115

 
2.1
%
 
$
1,749,649

 
$
1,758,079

 
(0.5
)%
Adjusted EBITDA
111,545

 
97,460

 
14.5
%
 
308,720

 
286,065

 
7.9
 %
as a percent of adjusted revenues
18.5
%
 
16.5
%
 
 
 
17.6
%
 
16.3
%
 
 
Adjusted Revenues increased in the three months ended October 2, 2016 and decreased in the nine months ended October 2, 2016 from the comparable periods of 2015 due to the following factors:
Increases in unit sales volume resulted in increases in revenues of $15.6 million and $25.4 million, respectively. Volume growth was the strongest in our broadcast and enterprise markets. 
The acquisition of M2FX contributed $1.8 million and $5.4 million of revenues, respectively.
Lower copper costs resulted in revenue decreases of $4.1 million and $26.1 million, respectively.
Unfavorable currency translation resulted in revenue decreases of $0.9 million and $13.1 million, respectively.
 
Adjusted EBITDA increased in the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016 from the comparable periods of 2015 primarily due to leverage on higher sales volume, as discussed above. Additionally, adjusted EBITDA increased due to improved productivity as a result of our restructuring actions. Further, favorable currency translation resulted in increases in Adjusted EBITDA of $1.5 million and $4.3 million, respectively. Accordingly, EBITDA margins for the three and nine months ended October 2, 2016 expanded to 18.5% and 17.6%, respectively.
Use of Non-GAAP Financial Information
Adjusted Revenues and Adjusted EBITDA are non-GAAP financial measures. In addition to reporting financial results in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, we provide non-GAAP operating results adjusted for certain items, including: asset impairments; accelerated depreciation expense due to plant consolidation activities; purchase accounting effects related to acquisitions,