Document


UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 _________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
_________________________________________________ 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15 (d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended April 1, 2018
Commission File No. 001-12561 
_________________________________________________ 
BELDEN INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
_________________________________________________
 
Delaware
 
36-3601505
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
1 North Brentwood Boulevard
15th Floor
St. Louis, Missouri 63105
(Address of principal executive offices)
(314) 854-8000
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code
_________________________________________________ 
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes þ  No ¨.
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate website, if any, every interactive data file required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (section 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).  Yes  þ  No ¨.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer þ   Accelerated filer ¨       Non-accelerated filer ¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company) Smaller reporting company ¨    Emerging growth company ¨
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ¨  No  þ
As of May 3, 2018, the Registrant had 40,649,143 outstanding shares of common stock.




PART I
FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.
Financial Statements
BELDEN INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 
April 1, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
(In thousands)
ASSETS
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
362,863

 
$
561,108

Receivables, net
439,846

 
473,570

Inventories, net
328,797

 
297,226

Other current assets
51,976

 
40,167

Total current assets
1,183,482

 
1,372,071

Property, plant and equipment, less accumulated depreciation
351,122

 
337,322

Goodwill
1,569,970

 
1,478,257

Intangible assets, less accumulated amortization
570,529

 
545,207

Deferred income taxes
66,649

 
42,549

Other long-lived assets
24,797

 
65,207

 
$
3,766,549

 
$
3,840,613

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
300,670

 
$
376,277

Accrued liabilities
288,454

 
302,651

Total current liabilities
589,124

 
678,928

Long-term debt
1,662,654

 
1,560,748

Postretirement benefits
151,916

 
102,085

Deferred income taxes
33,942

 
27,713

Other long-term liabilities
36,767

 
36,273

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock
1

 
1

Common stock
503

 
503

Additional paid-in capital
1,125,364

 
1,123,832

Retained earnings
795,977

 
833,610

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(129,434
)
 
(98,026
)
Treasury stock
(500,864
)
 
(425,685
)
Total Belden stockholders’ equity
1,291,547

 
1,434,235

Noncontrolling interest
599

 
631

Total stockholders’ equity
1,292,146

 
1,434,866

 
$
3,766,549

 
$
3,840,613

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

- 1-



BELDEN INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
April 1, 2018

April 2, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands, except per share data)
Revenues
$
605,565

 
$
551,381

Cost of sales
(374,971
)
 
(329,007
)
Gross profit
230,594

 
222,374

Selling, general and administrative expenses
(124,872
)
 
(112,586
)
Research and development
(37,101
)
 
(34,522
)
Amortization of intangibles
(24,418
)
 
(23,669
)
Operating income
44,203

 
51,597

Interest expense, net
(16,978
)
 
(23,506
)
Non-operating pension costs
(275
)
 
(260
)
Loss on debt extinguishment
(19,960
)
 

Income before taxes
6,990

 
27,831

Income tax expense
(4,420
)
 
(2,250
)
Net income
2,570

 
25,581

Less: Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest
(48
)
 
(106
)
Net income attributable to Belden
2,618

 
25,687

Less: Preferred stock dividends
8,733

 
8,733

Net income (loss) attributable to Belden common stockholders
$
(6,115
)
 
$
16,954

 
 
 
 
Weighted average number of common shares and equivalents:
 
 
 
Basic
41,633

 
42,216

Diluted
41,633

 
42,675

 
 
 
 
Basic income (loss) per share attributable to Belden common stockholders
$
(0.15
)
 
$
0.40

 
 
 
 
Diluted income (loss) per share attributable to Belden common stockholders
$
(0.15
)
 
$
0.40

 
 
 
 
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Belden
$
(28,790
)
 
$
16,276

 
 
 
 
Common stock dividends declared per share
$
0.05

 
$
0.05

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

- 2-



BELDEN INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED CASH FLOW STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
April 1, 2018
 
April 2, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
2,570

 
$
25,581

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash used for operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
36,519

 
35,052

Loss on debt extinguishment
19,960

 

Share-based compensation
3,126

 
3,930

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of the effects of currency exchange rate changes and acquired businesses:
 
 
 
Receivables
18,921

 
9,416

Inventories
(16,737
)
 
(27,245
)
Accounts payable
(90,662
)
 
3,400

Accrued liabilities
(48,611
)
 
(53,733
)
Income taxes
(785
)
 
(2,387
)
Other assets
(10,602
)
 
(5,794
)
Other liabilities
2,441

 
(483
)
Net cash used for operating activities
(83,860
)
 
(12,263
)
Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Cash used to acquire businesses, net of cash acquired
(76,084
)
 

Capital expenditures
(15,900
)
 
(10,399
)
Proceeds from disposal of tangible assets
25

 

Proceeds from disposal of business
39,100

 

Net cash used for investing activities
(52,859
)
 
(10,399
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Payments under borrowing arrangements
(401,234
)
 

Payments under share repurchase program
(75,270
)
 

Cash dividends paid
(10,790
)
 
(10,842
)
Debt issuance costs paid
(7,059
)
 
(4
)
Withholding tax payments for share-based payment awards
(1,503
)
 
(4,382
)
Borrowings under credit arrangements
431,270

 

Net cash used for financing activities
(64,586
)
 
(15,228
)
Effect of foreign currency exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
3,060

 
5,698

Decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(198,245
)
 
(32,192
)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
561,108

 
848,116

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
362,863

 
$
815,924

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

- 3-




BELDEN INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY STATEMENT
THREE MONTHS ENDED APRIL 1, 2018
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
Belden Inc. Stockholders
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mandatory Convertible
 
 
 
 
 
Additional
 
 
 
 
 
Accumulated
Other
 
Non-controlling
 
 
 
Preferred Stock
 
Common Stock
 
Paid-In
 
Retained
 
Treasury Stock
 
Comprehensive
 
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Capital
 
Earnings
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Income (Loss)
 
Interest
 
Total
 
 
(In thousands)
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2017
52

 
$
1

 
50,335

 
$
503

 
$
1,123,832

 
$
833,610

 
(8,316
)
 
$
(425,685
)
 
$
(98,026
)
 
$
631

 
$
1,434,866

Cumulative effect of change in accounting principles

 

 

 

 

 
(29,041
)
 

 

 

 

 
(29,041
)
Net income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 
2,618

 

 

 

 
(48
)
 
2,570

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
(31,408
)
 
16

 
(31,392
)
Exercise of stock options, net of tax withholding forfeitures

 

 

 

 
(352
)
 

 
7

 
(9
)
 

 

 
(361
)
Conversion of restricted stock units into common stock, net of tax withholding forfeitures

 

 

 

 
(1,242
)
 

 
27

 
100

 

 

 
(1,142
)
Share repurchase program

 

 

 

 

 

 
(1,050
)
 
(75,270
)
 

 

 
(75,270
)
Share-based compensation

 

 

 

 
3,126

 

 

 

 

 

 
3,126

Redemption of rights agreement

 

 

 

 

 
(411
)
 

 

 

 

 
(411
)
Preferred stock dividends

 

 

 

 

 
(8,733
)
 

 

 

 

 
(8,733
)
Common stock dividends ($0.05 per share)

 

 

 

 

 
(2,066
)
 

 

 

 

 
(2,066
)
Balance at April 1, 2018
52

 
$
1

 
50,335

 
$
503

 
$
1,125,364

 
$
795,977

 
(9,332
)
 
$
(500,864
)
 
$
(129,434
)
 
$
599

 
$
1,292,146

 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.

- 4-



BELDEN INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)
Note 1:  Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements include Belden Inc. and all of its subsidiaries (the Company, us, we, or our). We eliminate all significant affiliate accounts and transactions in consolidation.
The accompanying Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements presented as of any date other than December 31, 2017:
Are prepared from the books and records without audit, and
Are prepared in accordance with the instructions for Form 10-Q and do not include all of the information required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States for complete statements, but
Include all adjustments, consisting only of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair presentation of the financial statements.
These Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and Supplementary Data contained in our 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Business Description
We are a signal transmission solutions provider built around two global business platforms – Enterprise Solutions and Industrial Solutions. Our comprehensive portfolio of signal transmission solutions provides industry leading secure and reliable transmission of data, sound, and video for mission critical applications.
Reporting Periods
Our fiscal year and fiscal fourth quarter both end on December 31. Our fiscal first quarter ends on the Sunday falling closest to 91 days after December 31, which was April 1, 2018, the 91st day of our fiscal year 2018. Our fiscal second and third quarters each have 91 days. The three months ended April 2, 2017 included 92 days.
Operating Segments
Effective January 1, 2018, we changed our organizational structure and, as a result, now are reporting two segments. The segments formerly known as Broadcast Solutions and Enterprise Solutions now are presented as the Enterprise Solutions segment, and the segments formerly known as Industrial Solutions and Network Solutions now are presented as the Industrial Solutions segment. The reorganization allows us to further accelerate progress in key strategic areas and the segment consolidation properly aligns our external reporting with the way the businesses are now managed. We have recast the prior period segment information to conform to the change in the composition of these reportable segments. 
Reclassifications
We have made certain reclassifications to the 2017 Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements including for the adoption of ASU 2017-07 and for our segment change with no impact to reported net income in order to conform to the 2018 presentation. See Note 5.

Interim Periods of 2017
During the financial closing process for the fourth quarter of 2017, we determined that certain consolidated financial statement amounts were not recorded correctly in prior interim periods of 2017. We evaluated these errors and concluded that they were not material to any of our previously issued interim financial statements and did not require restatement of the quarters. The errors primarily related to recognizing revenue prior to satisfying all of the delivery criteria in one business within our Enterprise segment. All of the errors were corrected as of December 31, 2017. The impact of the errors in the first quarter of 2017 was an overstatement of revenues and net income of $6.1 million and $3.0 million, respectively.


- 5-



Fair Value Measurement
Accounting guidance for fair value measurements specifies a hierarchy of valuation techniques based upon whether the inputs to those valuation techniques reflect assumptions other market participants would use based upon market data obtained from independent sources or reflect our own assumptions of market participant valuation. The hierarchy is broken down into three levels based on the reliability of the inputs as follows:
Level 1 – Quoted prices in active markets that are unadjusted and accessible at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities;
Level 2 – Quoted prices for identical assets and liabilities in markets that are not active, quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets, or financial instruments for which significant inputs are observable, either directly or indirectly; and
Level 3 – Prices or valuations that require inputs that are both significant to the fair value measurement and unobservable. 
As of and during the three months ended April 1, 2018 and April 2, 2017, we utilized Level 1 inputs to determine the fair value of cash equivalents, and we utilized Level 2 and Level 3 inputs to determine the fair value of net assets acquired in business combinations (see Note 3). We did not have any transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 fair value measurements during the three months ended April 1, 2018 and April 2, 2017.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
We classify cash on hand and deposits in banks, including commercial paper, money market accounts, and other investments with an original maturity of three months or less, that we hold from time to time, as cash and cash equivalents. We periodically have cash equivalents consisting of short-term money market funds and other investments. As of April 1, 2018, we did not have any such cash equivalents on hand. The primary objective of our investment activities is to preserve our capital for the purpose of funding operations. We do not enter into investments for trading or speculative purposes.
Contingent Liabilities
We have established liabilities for environmental and legal contingencies that are probable of occurrence and reasonably estimable, the amounts of which are currently not material. We accrue environmental remediation costs based on estimates of known environmental remediation exposures developed in consultation with our environmental consultants and legal counsel. We are, from time to time, subject to routine litigation incidental to our business. These lawsuits primarily involve claims for damages arising out of the use of our products, allegations of patent or trademark infringement, and litigation and administrative proceedings involving employment matters and commercial disputes. Based on facts currently available, we believe the disposition of the claims that are pending or asserted will not have a materially adverse effect on our financial position, results of operations, or cash flow.

As of April 1, 2018, we were party to standby letters of credit, bank guaranties, and surety bonds totaling $7.3 million, $2.7 million, and $2.4 million, respectively.

Contingent Gain

On July 5, 2011, our wholly-owned subsidiary, PPC Broadband, Inc. (PPC), filed an action for patent infringement against Corning Optical Communications RF LLC (Corning). The complaint alleged that Corning infringed two of PPC’s patents.  In July 2015, a jury found that Corning willfully infringed both patents. In November 2016, following a series of post-trial motions, the trial judge issued rulings for a total judgment in our favor of approximately $61.3 million. In December 2016, Corning appealed the case to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. In March 2018, a panel of three judges of the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit issued a Rule 36 Affirmance, without written opinion, of the District Court's final judgment that Corning, among other things, willfully infringed the PPC universal compression patents at issue in the case, and that PPC should be awarded about $61.8 million as a result. On April 12, 2018, Corning filed a petition for re-hearing. We have not recorded any amounts in our consolidated financial statements related to this matter.
Revenue Recognition
We recognize revenue consistent with the principles as outlined in the following five step model: (1) identify the contract with the customer, (2) identify the performance obligations in the contract, (3) determine the transaction price, (4) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract, and (5) recognize revenue when (or as) each performance obligation is satisfied.

- 6-




Our contracts with customers may include multiple performance obligations. For such arrangements, we allocate revenues to each performance obligation based on its relative standalone selling price. Generally, the standalone selling prices are determined based upon the prices charged to customers.
The transaction price for certain contracts are subject to variable consideration for estimated rebates, price allowances, invoicing adjustments, and product returns. We use the most likely amount method for estimating rebates and the expected value method for estimating price allowances, invoicing adjustments, and product returns. We record revisions to these estimates in the period in which the facts that give rise to each revision become known. Taxes collected from customers and remitted to governmental authorities are not included in our revenues.

We record deferred revenues when cash payments are received or due in advance of our performance. Our payment terms vary by the type and location of our customer and the products or services offered. The term between invoicing and when payment is due is generally not significant. For certain products or services and customer types, we require payment before the products or services are delivered to the customer.

Sales commissions for which the related service or support contract extends beyond one year are capitalized in other current or long-lived assets and recognized as expense over the related service or support period. In the event the related service or support period is twelve months or less, we apply the practical expedient and expense the sales commissions when incurred. These costs are recorded within selling, general and administrative expenses.
Subsequent Events
We have evaluated subsequent events after the balance sheet date through the financial statement issuance date for appropriate accounting and disclosure.
Current-Year Adoption of Accounting Pronouncements

In May 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (ASU 2014-09), which replaced most existing revenue recognition guidance in U.S. GAAP. The core principle of the ASU is that an entity should recognize revenue for the transfer of goods or services equal to the amount that it expects to be entitled to receive for those goods or services. ASU 2014-09 requires additional disclosure about the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from customer contracts, including significant judgments and changes in judgments. We adopted ASU 2014-09 on January 1, 2018, using the modified retrospective method of adoption. Adoption resulted in a $2.6 million, net of tax increase to retained earnings. This adjustment primarily relates to the deferral of costs to obtain a contract that were previously expensed at the beginning of the contract period.

In August 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-15, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments. The new guidance addresses how the following eight specific cash flow items are to be presented: Debt prepayment or debt extinguishment costs; settlement of zero-coupon debt instruments or other debt instruments with coupon interest rates that are insignificant in relation to the effective interest rate of the borrowing; contingent consideration payments made after a business combination; proceeds from the settlement of insurance claims; proceeds from the settlement of corporate-owned life insurance policies (including bank-owned life insurance policies); distributions received from equity method investees; beneficial interests in securitization transactions; and separately identifiable cash flows and application of the predominance principle. We adopted ASU 2016-15 on January 1, 2018. Adoption had no material impact on our statement of cash flows during the quarter ended April 1, 2018.

In October 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-16, Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory (ASU 2016-16), which requires recognition of the income tax consequences of an intra-entity transfer of an asset other than inventory when the transfer occurs. Consequently, the standard eliminates the exception to the recognition of current and deferred income taxes for an intra-entity asset transfer other than for inventory until the asset has been sold to an outside party.  We adopted ASU 2016-16 on January 1, 2018. Adoption resulted in a $3.0 million and $46.9 million decrease to other current assets and other long-lived assets, respectively, as well as an $18.2 million increase in deferred income tax assets and a $31.7 million decrease to retained earnings on January 1, 2018. Adoption had no material impact on our results of operations.

In March 2017, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2017-07, Compensation - Retirement Benefits: Improving the Presentation of Net Periodic Pension Cost and Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost (ASU 2017-07), which requires an entity to report the service cost component in the same line item or items as other compensation costs arising from the service rendered by their employees during the period. The other components of net benefit cost are required to be presented in the Statement of

- 7-



Operations separately from the service cost component after Operating Income. Additionally, only the service cost component is eligible for capitalization, when applicable. The standard requires the amendments to be applied retrospectively for the presentation of the service cost component and the other cost components of net periodic pension cost and net periodic OPEB cost in the Statement of Operations and prospectively, on and after the effective date, for the capitalization of the service cost component of net periodic pension and OPEB costs. We adopted ASU 2017-07 on January 1, 2018, and elected to use the practical expedient related to the retrospective presentation requirements. Adoption resulted in a $0.3 million increase to operating income, but no change to net income during the quarter ended April 2, 2017.
Pending Adoption of Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In February 2016, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-02, Leases (ASU 2016-02), a leasing standard for both lessees and lessors. Under its core principle, a lessee will recognize lease assets and liabilities on the balance sheet for all arrangements with terms longer than 12 months. Lessor accounting remains largely consistent with existing U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. The new standard will be effective for us beginning January 1, 2019. Early adoption is permitted. The standard requires the use of a modified retrospective transition method. We are still evaluating the effect that ASU 2016-02 will have on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures, but our initial assessment indicates that it will have a material impact to total assets and liabilities as we will be required to recognize lease assets and liabilities for all operating leases in which we are the lessee.

In August 2017, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update No. ASU 2017-12, Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815): Targeted Improvements to Accounting for Hedging Activities. The new guidance better aligns an entity’s risk management activities and financial reporting for hedging relationships through changes to both the designation and measurement guidance for qualifying hedging relationships and the presentation of hedge results. The new guidance also makes certain targeted improvements to simplify the application of hedge accounting guidance and ease the administrative burden of hedge documentation requirements and assessing hedge effectiveness. The standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, and early adoption is permitted. We do not expect the standard to have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

In January 2018, the FASB released guidance on the accounting for tax on the global intangible low-taxed income (“GILTI”) provisions of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Act”). The GILTI provisions impose a tax on foreign income in excess of a deemed return on tangible assets of foreign corporations. The guidance indicates that either accounting for deferred taxes related to GILTI inclusions or to treat any taxes on GILTI inclusions as a period cost are both acceptable methods subject to an accounting policy election. Pending further anticipated clarification and guidance related to the application of the GILTI provisions and their impact to Belden, we intend to further assess the materiality of the anticipated GILTI inclusion before making a policy election.
Note 2:  Revenues
On January 1, 2018, we adopted Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) using the modified retrospective method applied to those contracts which were not completed as of January 1, 2018. Results for reporting periods beginning after January 1, 2018 are presented under Topic 606, while prior period amounts are not adjusted and continue to be reported in accordance with the accounting standards in effect for those periods.
We recorded a net increase to retained earnings of $2.6 million as of January 1, 2018 due to the cumulative impact of adopting Topic 606, with the impact primarily related to sales commissions and software revenues within our Industrial Solutions segment. The impact to revenues for the three months ended April 1, 2018 was a decrease of $0.1 million as a result of applying Topic 606.
Revenues are recognized when control of the promised goods or services is transferred to our customers and in an amount that reflects the consideration we expect to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. Taxes collected from customers and remitted to governmental authorities are not included in our revenues. The following tables present our revenues disaggregated by major product category.

- 8-



 
 
Cable & Connectivity
 
Networking, Software & Security
 
Total Revenues 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended April 1, 2018
 
(In thousands)
Enterprise Solutions
 
$
234,467

 
$
114,657

 
$
349,124

Industrial Solutions
 
162,730

 
93,711

 
256,441

Total
 
$
397,197

 
$
208,368

 
$
605,565

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended April 2, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
Enterprise Solutions
 
$
234,181

 
$
80,097

 
$
314,278

Industrial Solutions
 
146,311

 
90,792

 
237,103

Total
 
$
380,492

 
$
170,889

 
$
551,381


The following tables present our revenues disaggregated by geography, based on the location of the customer purchasing the product.
 
 
Americas
 
EMEA
 
APAC
 
Total Revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended April 1, 2018
 
(In thousands)
Enterprise Solutions
 
$
225,279

 
$
73,329

 
$
50,516

 
$
349,124

Industrial Solutions
 
149,812

 
72,592

 
34,037

 
256,441

Total
 
$
375,091

 
$
145,921

 
$
84,553

 
$
605,565

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended April 2, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Enterprise Solutions
 
$
215,128

 
$
48,580

 
$
50,570

 
$
314,278

Industrial Solutions
 
142,193

 
64,285

 
30,625

 
237,103

Total
 
$
357,321

 
$
112,865

 
$
81,195

 
$
551,381

The following tables present our revenues disaggregated by products, including software products, and support and services.
 
 
Products
 
Support & Services
 
Total Revenues 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended April 1, 2018
 
(In thousands)
Enterprise Solutions
 
$
331,749

 
$
17,375

 
$
349,124

Industrial Solutions
 
224,647

 
31,794

 
256,441

Total
 
$
556,396

 
$
49,169

 
$
605,565

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended April 2, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
Enterprise Solutions
 
$
293,499

 
$
20,779

 
$
314,278

Industrial Solutions
 
202,919

 
34,184

 
237,103

Total
 
$
496,418

 
$
54,963

 
$
551,381

We generate revenues primarily by selling products that provide secure and reliable transmission of data, sound, and video for mission critical applications. We also generate revenues from providing support and professional services. We sell our products to distributors, end-users, installers, and directly to original equipment manufacturers. At times, we enter into arrangements that involve the delivery of multiple performance obligations. For these arrangements, revenue is allocated to each performance obligation based on its relative selling price and recognized when or as each performance obligation is satisfied. Most of our performance obligations related to the sale of products are satisfied at a point in time when control of the product is transferred based on the shipping terms of the arrangement. Generally, we determine relative selling price using the prices charged to customers.
The amount of consideration we receive and revenue we recognize varies due to rebates, returns, and price adjustments. We estimate the expected rebates, returns, and price adjustments based on an analysis of historical experience, anticipated sales demand, and trends in product pricing. We adjust our estimate of revenue at the earlier of when the most likely amount of consideration we expect to receive changes or when the consideration becomes fixed. As a result, we recognized an increase to revenues of

- 9-



$0.2 million during the three months ended April 1, 2018 related to performance obligations satisfied in prior periods. Accrued rebates and accrued returns as of April 1, 2018 totaled $17.9 million and $6.9 million, respectively. Estimated price adjustments recognized against our gross accounts receivable balance as of April 1, 2018 totaled $25.7 million.
Depending on the terms of an arrangement, we may defer the recognition of a portion of the consideration received because we have to satisfy a future obligation. Consideration allocated to support services under a support and maintenance contract is typically paid in advance and recognized ratably over the term of the service. Consideration allocated to professional services is recognized when or as the services are performed depending on the terms of the arrangement. As of January 1, 2018, total deferred revenue was $104.4 million, and $52.0 million of this amount was recognized as revenue during the three months ended April 1, 2018. Total deferred revenue was $97.8 million as of April 1, 2018.
We expense sales commissions as incurred when the duration of the related revenue arrangement is one year or less. We capitalize sales commissions in other current or long-lived assets on our balance sheet when the duration of the related revenue arrangement is longer than one year, and we amortize it over the related revenue arrangement period. Total capitalized sales commissions was $2.4 million as of April 1, 2018. Total sales commissions costs were $6.1 million during the three months ended April 1, 2018. Sales commissions are recorded within selling, general and administrative expenses.
Note 3:  Acquisitions
Snell Advanced Media
We acquired 100% of the outstanding ownership interest in Snell Advanced Media (SAM) on February 8, 2018 for a purchase price, net of cash acquired, of $92.9 million. The acquisition includes a potential earnout, which is based upon future earnings of SAM and Grass Valley combined through December 31, 2019. The maximum earnout consideration is $31.4 million, but based upon a third party valuation specialist using certain assumptions in a discounted cash flow model, the preliminary estimated fair value of the earnout included in the purchase price is $17.7 million. We assumed debt of $19.3 million and paid it off during the first quarter of 2018. SAM designs, manufactures, and sells innovative content production and distribution systems for the broadcast and media markets. SAM is located in the United Kingdom. The results of SAM have been included in our Consolidated Financial Statements from February 8, 2018, and are reported within the Enterprise Solutions segment. The following table summarizes the estimated, preliminary fair value of the assets acquired and the liabilities assumed as of February 8, 2018 (in thousands):

Receivables
 
$
19,900

Inventory
 
17,605

Prepaid and other current assets
 
2,339

Property, plant, and equipment
 
9,212

Intangible assets
 
44,750

Goodwill
 
92,263

Deferred taxes
 
5,476

Other long-lived assets
 
4,306

   Total assets acquired
 
$
195,851

 
 
 
Accounts payable
 
$
11,927

Accrued liabilities
 
17,960

Deferred revenue
 
4,000

Long-term debt
 
19,305

Postretirement benefits
 
49,131

Other long-term liabilities
 
591

   Total liabilities assumed
 
$
102,914

 
 
 
Net assets
 
$
92,937


The above purchase price allocation is preliminary, and is subject to revision as additional information about the fair value of individual assets and liabilities becomes available. We are in the process of ensuring our accounting policies are applied at SAM. The preliminary measurement of receivables; inventories; property, plant and equipment; intangible assets; goodwill; deferred

- 10-



income taxes; deferred revenue; and other assets and liabilities are subject to change. A change in the estimated fair value of the net assets acquired will change the amount of the purchase price allocable to goodwill.

A single estimate of fair value results from a complex series of judgments about future events and uncertainties and relies heavily on estimates and assumptions. The judgments we have used in estimating the preliminary fair values assigned to each class of acquired assets and assumed liabilities could materially affect the results of our operations.

The preliminary fair value of acquired receivables is $19.9 million, which is equivalent to its gross contractual amount.

For purposes of the above allocation, we based our estimate of the preliminary fair value for the acquired inventory; property, plant, and equipment; intangible assets; and deferred revenue on a preliminary valuation study performed by a third party valuation firm. We have estimated a preliminary fair value adjustment for inventories based on the estimated selling price of the work-in-process and finished goods acquired at the closing date less the sum of the costs to complete the work-in-process, the costs of disposal, and a reasonable profit allowance for our post acquisition selling efforts. To determine the value of the acquired property, plant, and equipment, we used various valuation methods, including both the market approach, which considers sales prices of similar assets in similar conditions (Level 2 valuation), and the cost approach, which considers the cost to replace the asset adjusted for depreciation (Level 3 valuation). We used various valuation methods including discounted cash flows, lost income, excess earnings, and relief from royalty to estimate the preliminary fair value of the identifiable intangible assets and deferred revenue (Level 3 valuation).

Goodwill and other intangible assets reflected above were determined to meet the criteria for recognition apart from tangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed. The goodwill is primarily attributable to expected synergies and the assembled workforce. The expected synergies for the SAM acquisition may be gained from helping broadcast and media content creators, aggregators and distributors significantly improve their effectiveness and efficiency during a period of rapid change in technology, viewer and advertiser behavior and busines models. Our tax basis in the acquired goodwill is zero. The intangible assets related to the acquisition consisted of the following:

 
 
Preliminary Fair Value
 
Amortization Period
 
 
(In thousands)
 
(In years)
Intangible assets subject to amortization:
 
 
 
 
Developed technologies
 
$
32,500

 
5.0
Customer relationships
 
9,000

 
12.0
Sales backlog
 
1,750

 
0.3
Trademarks
 
1,500

 
2.0
Total intangible assets subject to amortization
 
$
44,750

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Intangible assets not subject to amortization:
 
 
 
 
Goodwill
 
$
92,263

 
n/a
Total intangible assets not subject to amortization
 
$
92,263

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total intangible assets
 
$
137,013

 
 
Weighted average amortization period
 
 
 
6.1 years

The amortizable intangible assets reflected in the table above were determined by us to have finite lives. The useful life for the developed technology intangible asset was based on the estimated time that the technology provides us with a competitive advantage and thus approximates the period and pattern of consumption of the intangible asset. The useful life for the customer relationship intangible asset was based on our forecasts of estimated sales from recurring customers. The useful life of the backlog intangible asset was based on our estimate of when the ordered items would ship. The useful life for the trademarks was based on the period of time we expect to continue to go to market using the trademarks.

Our consolidated revenues and consolidated income before taxes for the three months ended April 1, 2018 included $20.8 million and $(2.8) million, respectively, from SAM. The loss before taxes from SAM included $2.2 million of amortization of intangible assets and $0.5 million of cost of sales related to the adjustment of acquired inventory to fair value.


- 11-



The following table illustrates the unaudited pro forma effect on operating results as if the SAM acquisition had been completed as of January 1, 2017.
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
April 1, 2018
 
April 2, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands, except per share data)
 
 
(Unaudited)
Revenues
 
$
614,184

 
$
579,371

Net income (loss) attributable to Belden common stockholders
 
(1,072
)
 
979

Diluted income (loss) per share attributable to Belden common stockholders
 
$
(0.03
)
 
$
0.02

For purposes of the pro forma disclosures, the three months ended April 2, 2017 includes nonrecurring expenses related to the acquisition, including severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs; amortization of the sales backlog intangible asset; and cost of sales arising from the adjustment of inventory to fair value of $9.2 million, $1.3 million, and $0.8 million, respectively.

The above unaudited pro forma financial information is presented for informational purposes only and does not purport to represent what our results of operations would have been had we completed the acquisition on the date assumed, nor is it necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected in future periods. Pro forma adjustments exclude cost savings from any synergies resulting from the acquisition.
Thinklogical Holdings, LLC
We acquired 100% of the outstanding ownership interest in Thinklogical Holdings, LLC (Thinklogical) on May 31, 2017 for a purchase price, net of cash acquired, of $165.8 million. Thinklogical designs, manufactures, and markets high-bandwidth fiber matrix switches, video, and keyboard/video/mouse extender solutions, camera extenders, and console management solutions. Thinklogical is headquartered in Connecticut. The results of Thinklogical have been included in our Consolidated Financial Statements from May 31, 2017, and are reported within the Enterprise Solutions segment. The following table summarizes the estimated, preliminary fair value of the assets acquired and the liabilities assumed as of May 31, 2017 (in thousands):
Receivables
 
4,355

Inventory
 
16,424

Prepaid and other current assets
 
320

Property, plant, and equipment
 
4,289

Intangible assets
 
73,400

Goodwill
 
71,252

   Total assets acquired
 
$
170,040

 
 
 
Accounts payable
 
$
1,231

Accrued liabilities
 
1,353

Deferred revenue
 
1,702

   Total liabilities assumed
 
$
4,286

 
 
 
Net assets
 
$
165,754


A single estimate of fair value results from a complex series of judgments about future events and uncertainties and relies heavily on estimates and assumptions. The judgments we have used in estimating the preliminary fair values assigned to each class of acquired assets and assumed liabilities could materially affect the results of our operations.

The preliminary fair value of acquired receivables is $4.4 million, which is equivalent to its gross contractual amount.

For purposes of the above allocation, we based our estimate of the preliminary fair value for the acquired inventory, intangible assets, and deferred revenue on a preliminary valuation study performed by a third party valuation firm. We have estimated a preliminary fair value adjustment for inventories based on the estimated selling price of the work-in-process and finished goods acquired at the closing date less the sum of the costs to complete the work-in-process, the costs of disposal, and a reasonable profit allowance for our post acquisition selling efforts. We used various valuation methods including discounted cash flows, lost income,

- 12-



excess earnings, and relief from royalty to estimate the preliminary fair value of the identifiable intangible assets and deferred revenue (Level 3 valuation). The determination of the fair value of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed and the allocation of the purchase price is substantially complete pending the completion of a stub period tax return that has yet to be filed.

Goodwill and other intangible assets reflected above were determined to meet the criteria for recognition apart from tangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed. The goodwill is primarily attributable to expected synergies and the assembled workforce. The expected synergies for the Thinklogical acquisition primarily consist of utilizing Belden's fiber and connectivity portfolio with Thinklogical's connections between matrix switch, control systems, transmitters and source to expand our product portfolio across our segments to both existing and new customers. Our tax basis in the acquired goodwill is approximately $43.9 million and is deductible for tax purposes over a period of 15 years up to the amount of the tax basis. The intangible assets related to the acquisition consisted of the following:

 
 
Preliminary Fair Value
 
Amortization Period
 
 
(In thousands)
 
(In years)
Intangible assets subject to amortization:
 
 
 
 
Developed technologies
 
$
62,600

 
10.0
Customer relationships
 
6,500

 
8.0
Trademarks
 
2,900

 
10.0
Sales backlog
 
1,400

 
0.3
Total intangible assets subject to amortization
 
$
73,400

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Intangible assets not subject to amortization:
 
 
 
 
Goodwill
 
$
71,252

 
n/a
Total intangible assets not subject to amortization
 
$
71,252

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total intangible assets
 
$
144,652

 
 
Weighted average amortization period
 
 
 
9.6

The amortizable intangible assets reflected in the table above were determined by us to have finite lives. The useful life for the customer relationship intangible asset was based on our forecasts of estimated sales from recurring customers. The useful life for the trademarks was based on the period of time we expect to continue to go to market using the trademarks. The useful life for the developed technology intangible asset was based on the estimated time that the technology provides us with a competitive advantage and thus approximates the period and pattern of consumption of the intangible asset. The useful life of the backlog intangible asset was based on our estimate of when the ordered items would ship.

Our consolidated revenues and consolidated income before taxes for the three months ended April 1, 2018 included $7.8 million and $(2.2) million, respectively, from Thinklogical. The loss before taxes from Thinklogical included $3.2 million of amortization of intangible assets.

The following table illustrates the unaudited pro forma effect on operating results as if the Thinklogical acquisition had been completed as of January 1, 2016.
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
April 2, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands, except per share data)
 
 
(Unaudited)
Revenues
 
$
555,636

Net income attributable to Belden common stockholders
 
12,880

Diluted income per share attributable to Belden common stockholders
 
$
0.30


The above unaudited pro forma financial information is presented for informational purposes only and does not purport to represent what our results of operations would have been had we completed the acquisition on the date assumed, nor is it necessarily indicative

- 13-



of the results that may be expected in future periods. Pro forma adjustments exclude cost savings from any synergies resulting from the acquisition.
Note 4:  Disposals

During the fourth quarter of 2016, we committed to a plan to sell our MCS business and Hirschmann JV. The MCS business operated in Germany and the United States and was part of the Industrial Solutions segment, and the Hirschmann JV was an equity method investment located in China. Effective December 31, 2017, we sold the MCS business and Hirschmann JV for a total purchase price of $40.2 million, of which $39.1 million was collected during the first quarter of 2018.

Note 5:  Operating Segments
We are organized around two global business platforms: Enterprise Solutions and Industrial Solutions. Each of the global business platforms represents a reportable segment.

Effective January 1, 2018, we changed our organizational structure and, as a result, now are reporting two segments. The segments formerly known as Broadcast Solutions and Enterprise Solutions now are presented as the Enterprise Solutions segment, and the segments formerly known as Industrial Solutions and Network Solutions now are presented as the Industrial Solutions segment. The reorganization allows us to further accelerate progress in key strategic areas and the segment consolidation properly aligns our external reporting with the way the businesses are now managed. We have recast the prior period segment information to conform to the change in the composition of these reportable segments. This change had no impact to our reporting units for purposes of goodwill impairment testing.
The key measures of segment profit or loss reviewed by our chief operating decision maker are Segment Revenues and Segment EBITDA. Segment Revenues represent non-affiliate revenues and include revenues that would have otherwise been recorded by acquired businesses as independent entities but were not recognized in our Consolidated Statements of Operations due to the effects of purchase accounting and the associated write-down of acquired deferred revenue to fair value. Segment EBITDA excludes certain items, including depreciation expense; amortization of intangibles; asset impairment; severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs; purchase accounting effects related to acquisitions, such as the adjustment of acquired inventory and deferred revenue to fair value; and other costs. We allocate corporate expenses to the segments for purposes of measuring Segment EBITDA. Corporate expenses are allocated on the basis of each segment’s relative EBITDA prior to the allocation.
Our measure of segment assets does not include cash, goodwill, intangible assets, deferred tax assets, or corporate assets. All goodwill is allocated to reporting units of our segments for purposes of impairment testing.
 

- 14-



 
 
Enterprise
Solutions    
 
Industrial
Solutions     
 
Total
Segments     
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
As of and for the three months ended April 1, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment revenues
 
$
350,990

 
$
256,433

 
$
607,423

Affiliate revenues
 
846

 
29

 
875

Segment EBITDA
 
57,452

 
46,426

 
103,878

Depreciation expense
 
7,220

 
4,645

 
11,865

Amortization of intangibles
 
11,170

 
13,248

 
24,418

Amortization of software development intangible assets
 
236

 

 
236

Severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs
 
14,534

 
5,860

 
20,394

Purchase accounting effects of acquisitions
 
502

 

 
502

Deferred revenue adjustments
 
1,858

 

 
1,858

Segment assets
 
747,971

 
432,473

 
1,180,444

As of and for the three months ended April 2, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment revenues
 
$
314,278

 
$
237,103

 
$
551,381

Affiliate revenues
 
2,033

 
26

 
2,059

Segment EBITDA
 
49,523

 
43,847

 
93,370

Depreciation expense
 
6,548

 
4,835

 
11,383

Amortization of intangibles
 
10,439

 
13,230

 
23,669

Severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs
 
5,281

 
1,319

 
6,600

Segment assets
 
571,540

 
369,172

 
940,712


The following table is a reconciliation of the total of the reportable segments’ Revenues and EBITDA to consolidated revenues and consolidated income before taxes, respectively.
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
April 1, 2018
 
April 2, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Total Segment Revenues
$
607,423

 
$
551,381

Deferred revenue adjustments (1)
(1,858
)
 

Consolidated Revenues
$
605,565

 
$
551,381

 
 
 
 
Total Segment EBITDA
$
103,878

 
$
93,370

Amortization of intangibles
(24,418
)
 
(23,669
)
Severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs (2)
(20,394
)
 
(6,600
)
Depreciation expense
(11,865
)
 
(11,383
)
Deferred revenue adjustments (1)
(1,858
)
 

Purchase accounting effects related to acquisitions (3)
(502
)
 

Amortization of software development costs
(236
)
 

Loss on sale of assets
(94
)
 

Income from equity method investment

 
1,007

Eliminations
(308
)
 
(1,128
)
Consolidated operating income
44,203

 
51,597

Interest expense, net
(16,978
)
 
(23,506
)
Non-operating pension costs
(275
)
 
(260
)
Loss on debt extinguishment
(19,960
)
 

Consolidated income before taxes
$
6,990

 
$
27,831


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(1) For the three months ended April 1, 2018, our segment results include revenues that would have been recorded by acquired businesses had they remained as independent entities. Our consolidated results do not include these revenues due to the purchase accounting effect of recording deferred revenue at fair value.
(2)  See Note 9, Severance, Restructuring, and Acquisition Integration Activities, for details.
(3)  For the three months ended ended April 1, 2018, we recognized cost of sales for the adjustment of acquired inventory to fair value related to the SAM acquisition.
Note 6: Income per Share
The following table presents the basis for the income per share computations:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
April 1, 2018
 
April 2, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Numerator:
 
 
 
Net income
$
2,570

 
$
25,581

Less: Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest
(48
)
 
(106
)
Less: Preferred stock dividends
8,733

 
8,733

Net income (loss) attributable to Belden common stockholders
$
(6,115
)
 
$
16,954

Denominator:
 
 
 
Weighted average shares outstanding, basic
41,633

 
42,216

Effect of dilutive common stock equivalents

 
459

Weighted average shares outstanding, diluted
41,633

 
42,675


For the three months ended April 1, 2018 and April 2, 2017, diluted weighted average shares outstanding do not include outstanding equity awards of 0.5 million and 0.3 million, respectively, because to do so would have been anti-dilutive. In addition, for the three months ended April 1, 2018 and April 2, 2017, diluted weighted average shares outstanding do not include outstanding equity awards of 0.2 million and 0.2 million, respectively, because the related performance conditions have not been satisfied. Furthermore, for both the three months ended April 1, 2018 and April 2, 2017, diluted weighted average shares outstanding do not include the impact of preferred shares that are convertible into 6.9 million common shares, because deducting the preferred stock dividends from net income was more dilutive.
For purposes of calculating basic earnings per share, unvested restricted stock units are not included in the calculation of basic weighted average shares outstanding until all necessary conditions have been satisfied and issuance of the shares underlying the restricted stock units is no longer contingent. Necessary conditions are not satisfied until the vesting date, at which time holders of our restricted stock units receive shares of our common stock.
For purposes of calculating diluted earnings per share, unvested restricted stock units are included to the extent that they are dilutive. In determining whether unvested restricted stock units are dilutive, each issuance of restricted stock units is considered separately.
Once a restricted stock unit has vested, it is included in the calculation of both basic and diluted weighted average shares outstanding.
Note 7:  Inventories
The major classes of inventories were as follows:
 

- 16-



 
April 1, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Raw materials
$
157,869

 
$
133,311

Work-in-process
42,950

 
35,807

Finished goods
161,852

 
153,377

Gross inventories
362,671

 
322,495

Excess and obsolete reserves
(33,874
)
 
(25,269
)
Net inventories
$
328,797

 
$
297,226

Note 8:  Long-Lived Assets

Depreciation and Amortization Expense

We recognized depreciation expense of $11.9 million and $11.4 million in the three months ended April 1, 2018 and April 2, 2017, respectively.

We recognized amortization expense related to our intangible assets of $24.6 million and $23.7 million in the three months ended April 1, 2018 and April 2, 2017, respectively.
Note 9:  Severance, Restructuring, and Acquisition Integration Activities
Grass Valley and SAM Integration Program: 2018
During the first quarter of 2018, we began a restructuring program to integrate our acquisition of SAM with Grass Valley. The restructuring and integration activities are focused on achieving desired cost savings by consolidating existing and acquired operating facilities and other support functions. We recognized $9.2 million of severance and other restructuring costs for this program during the three months ended April 1, 2018. The costs were incurred by the Enterprise Solutions segment. We expect to incur approximately $41 million of additional severance and restructuring costs for this program, most of which will be incurred by the end of 2018. We also expect the program to generate approximately $44 million of savings on an annualized basis, which we will start realizing in the second half of 2018.
Industrial Manufacturing Footprint Program: 2016 - 2018
In 2016, we began a program to consolidate our manufacturing footprint. The manufacturing consolidation is expected to be completed in 2018. We recognized $7.5 million and $5.7 million of severance and other restructuring costs for this program during the three months ended April 1, 2018 and April 2, 2017, respectively. The costs were incurred by the Enterprise Solutions and Industrial Solutions segments, as the manufacturing locations involved in the program serve both platforms. To date, we have incurred a total of $55.9 million in severance and other restructuring costs, including manufacturing inefficiencies for this program. We expect the program to generate approximately $13 million of savings on an annualized basis, which we began to realize in the third quarter of 2017.
The following table summarizes the costs by segment of the various programs described above as well as other immaterial programs and acquisition integration activities:
 
 
Severance     
 
Other
Restructuring and
Integration Costs
 
Total Costs     
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended April 1, 2018
 
(In thousands)
Enterprise Solutions
 
$
508

 
$
14,026

 
$
14,534

Industrial Solutions
 
52

 
5,808

 
5,860

Total
 
$
560

 
$
19,834

 
$
20,394

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended April 2, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
Enterprise Solutions
 
$
901

 
$
4,380

 
$
5,281

Industrial Solutions
 

 
1,319

 
1,319

Total
 
$
901

 
$
5,699

 
$
6,600


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Of the total severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs recognized in the three months ended April 1, 2018, $9.4 million, $9.4 million, and $1.6 million were included in cost of sales; selling, general and administrative expenses; and research and development, respectively. Of the total severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs recognized in the three months ended April 2, 2017, $5.9 million, $0.7 million, and $0.0 million were included in cost of sales; selling, general and administrative expenses; and research and development, respectively.
The other restructuring and integration costs primarily consisted of equipment transfer, costs to consolidate operating and support facilities, retention bonuses, relocation, travel, legal, and other costs. The majority of the other restructuring and integration costs related to these actions were paid as incurred or are payable within the next 60 days.   
There were no significant severance accrual balances as of April 1, 2018 or December 31, 2017.
Note 10:  Long-Term Debt and Other Borrowing Arrangements
The carrying values of our long-term debt were as follows:
 
 
April 1, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Revolving credit agreement due 2022
$

 
$

Senior subordinated notes:
 
 
 
3.875% Senior subordinated notes due 2028
432,320

 

3.375% Senior subordinated notes due 2027
555,840

 
540,810

4.125% Senior subordinated notes due 2026
247,040

 
240,360

2.875% Senior subordinated notes due 2025
370,560

 
360,540

5.25% Senior subordinated notes due 2024
11,291

 
200,000

5.50% Senior subordinated notes due 2023
70,852

 
242,522

Total senior subordinated notes
1,687,903

 
1,584,232

Less unamortized debt issuance costs
(25,249
)
 
(23,484
)
Long-term debt
$
1,662,654

 
$
1,560,748

Revolving Credit Agreement due 2022

Our Revolving Credit Agreement provides a $400.0 million multi-currency asset-based revolving credit facility (The Revolver). The borrowing base under the Revolver includes eligible accounts receivable; inventory; and property, plant and equipment of certain of our subsidiaries in the U.S., Canada, Germany, and the Netherlands. The maturity date of the Revolver is May 16, 2022. Interest on outstanding borrowings is variable, based upon LIBOR or other similar indices in foreign jurisdictions, plus a spread that ranges from 1.25%-1.75%, depending upon our leverage position. We pay a commitment fee on our available borrowing capacity of 0.25%. In the event we borrow more than 90% of our borrowing base, we are subject to a fixed charge coverage ratio covenant. As of April 1, 2018, we had no borrowings outstanding on the Revolver, and our available borrowing capacity was $333.4 million.
Senior Subordinated Notes
In March 2018, we completed an offering for €350.0 million ($431.3 million at issuance) aggregate principal amount of 3.875% senior subordinated notes due 2028 (the 2028 Notes). The carrying value of the 2028 Notes as of April 1, 2018 is $432.3 million. The 2028 Notes are guaranteed on a senior subordinated basis by our current and future domestic subsidiaries. The 2028 Notes rank equal in right of payment with our senior subordinated notes due 2027, 2026, 2025, 2024, and 2023 and with any future subordinated debt, and they are subordinated to all of our senior debt and the senior debt of our subsidiary guarantors, including our Revolver. Interest is payable semiannually on March 15 and September 15 of each year, beginning on September 15, 2018. We paid approximately $7.1 million of fees associated with the issuance of the 2028 Notes, which will be amortized over the life of the 2028 Notes using the effective interest method. We used the net proceeds from this offering and cash on hand to repurchase the 2023 and 2024 Notes - see further discussion below.
We have outstanding €450.0 million aggregate principal amount of 3.375% senior subordinated notes due 2027 (the 2027 Notes). The carrying value of the 2027 Notes as of April 1, 2018 is $555.8 million. The 2027 Notes are guaranteed on a senior subordinated

- 18-



basis by our current and future domestic subsidiaries. The 2027 Notes rank equal in right of payment with our senior subordinated notes due 2028, 2026, 2025, 2024, and 2023 and with any future subordinated debt, and they are subordinated to all of our senior debt and the senior debt of our subsidiary guarantors, including our Revolver. Interest is payable semiannually on January 15 and July 15 of each year.
We have outstanding €200.0 million aggregate principal amount of 4.125% senior subordinated notes due 2026 (the 2026 Notes). The carrying value of the 2026 Notes as of April 1, 2018 is $247.0 million. The 2026 Notes are guaranteed on a senior subordinated basis by our current and future domestic subsidiaries. The 2026 Notes rank equal in right of payment with our senior subordinated notes due 2028, 2027, 2025, 2024, and 2023 and with any future subordinated debt, and they are subordinated to all of our senior debt and the senior debt of our subsidiary guarantors, including our Revolver. Interest is payable semiannually on April 15 and October 15 of each year.
We have outstanding €300.0 million aggregate principal amount of 2.875% senior subordinated notes due 2025 (the 2025 Notes). The carrying value of the 2025 Notes as of April 1, 2018 is $370.6 million. The 2025 Notes are guaranteed on a senior subordinated basis by our current and future domestic subsidiaries. The 2025 Notes rank equal in right of payment with our senior subordinated notes due 2028, 2027, 2026, 2024, and 2023 and with any future subordinated debt, and they are subordinated to all of our senior debt and the senior debt of our subsidiary guarantors, including our Revolver. Interest is payable semiannually on March 15 and September 15 of each year.
We had outstanding $200.0 million aggregate principal amount of 5.25% senior subordinated notes due 2024 (the 2024 Notes). In March 2018, we repurchased $188.7 million of the $200.0 million 2024 Notes outstanding for cash consideration of $199.8 million, including a prepayment penalty and recognized a $13.8 million loss on debt extinguishment including the write-off of unamortized debt issuance costs. The carrying value of the 2024 Notes as of April 1, 2018 is $11.3 million. The 2024 Notes are guaranteed on a senior subordinated basis by certain of our subsidiaries. The 2024 Notes rank equal in right of payment with our senior subordinated notes due 2028, 2027, 2026, 2025, and 2023 and with any future subordinated debt, and they are subordinated to all of our senior debt and the senior debt of our subsidiary guarantors, including our Revolver. Interest is payable semiannually on January 15 and July 15 of each year. We repurchased the remaining 2024 Notes outstanding on April 5, 2018.
We had outstanding €200.0 million aggregate principal amount of 5.5% senior subordinated notes due 2023 (the 2023 Notes). In March 2018, we repurchased €143.1 million of the €200.0 million 2023 Notes outstanding for cash consideration of €147.8 million ($182.1 million), including a prepayment penalty and recognized a $6.2 million loss on debt extinguishment including the write-off of unamortized debt issuance costs. The carrying value of the 2023 Notes as of April 1, 2018 is $70.9 million. The 2023 Notes are guaranteed on a senior subordinated basis by certain of our subsidiaries. The notes rank equal in right of payment with our senior subordinated notes due 2028, 2027, 2026, 2025, and 2024 and with any future subordinated debt, and they are subordinated to all of our senior debt and the senior debt of our subsidiary guarantors, including our Revolver. Interest is payable semiannually on April 15 and October 15 of each year. We repurchased the remaining 2023 Notes outstanding on April 5, 2018.
Fair Value of Long-Term Debt
The fair value of our senior subordinated notes as of April 1, 2018 was approximately $1,685.8 million based on quoted prices of the debt instruments in inactive markets (Level 2 valuation). This amount represents the fair values of our senior subordinated notes with a carrying value of $1,687.9 million as of April 1, 2018.
Note 11:  Net Investment Hedge
All of our euro denominated notes were issued by Belden Inc., a USD functional currency ledger. As of April 1, 2018, all of our outstanding foreign denominated debt is designated as a net investment hedge on the foreign currency risk of our net investment in our euro foreign operations. The objective of the hedge is to protect the net investment in the foreign operation against adverse changes in exchange rates. The transaction gain or loss is reported in the cumulative translation adjustment section of other comprehensive income. The amount of the cumulative translation adjustment associated with these notes at April 1, 2018 was $39.2 million. As of April 2, 2017, only our 2026 Notes were designated as a net investment hedge on the foreign currency risk of our net investment in our euro foreign operations, and the cumulative translation adjustment associated with the 2026 Notes at April 2, 2017 was $6.9 million.
Note 12:  Income Taxes

We recognized income tax expense of $4.4 million for the three months ended April 1, 2018, representing an effective tax rate of 63.2%. The effective tax rate was impacted by the following significant factors:


- 19-



- We recognized income tax expense of $1.8 million in the three months ended April 1, 2018 as a result of a change in our valuation allowance on foreign tax credits associated with our euro debt refinancing during the quarter.

- We also recognized income tax expense of $0.5 million in the three months ended April 1, 2018 as a result of changes in our valuation allowance for the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. The amount of this adjustment remains provisional under SAB 118.
 
On December 22, 2017, the “Tax Cuts and Jobs Act” (the “Act”) was signed into law, making significant changes to the Internal Revenue Code. Changes include, but are not limited to, a corporate tax rate decrease from 35% to 21% effective for tax years beginning after December 31, 2017, the transition of U.S. international taxation from a worldwide tax system to a territorial tax system, and a one-time transition tax on the mandatory deemed repatriation of cumulative foreign earnings as of December 31, 2017.

On December 22, 2017, Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118 (“SAB 118”) was issued to address the application of US GAAP in situations when a registrant does not have the necessary information available, prepared, or analyzed (including computations) in reasonable detail to complete the accounting for certain income tax effects of the Act. During the three months ended April 1, 2018, we obtained additional information affecting the provisional amount initially recorded for the valuation allowance on certain foreign tax credits in 2017. As a result, we recorded an adjustment to the valuation allowance on certain foreign tax credits. Additional work is still necessary for a more detailed analysis of all provisional amounts associated with the Act including the remeasurement of certain deferred tax assets and liabilities, the one-time transition tax on the mandatory deemed repatriation of foreign earnings and the valuation allowance on certain foreign tax credits. We continue to evaluate the need for a provisional amount regarding the non-deductibility of certain covered employee compensation associated with the amendments to IRC section 162(m). As of the date of this filing, we reasonably believe no such provision should be recorded. Any subsequent adjustment to these amounts will be recorded to tax expense in the quarter of 2018 when the analysis is complete.
Our income tax expense and effective tax rate in future periods may be impacted by many factors, including our geographic mix of income and changes in tax laws.
We recognized income tax expense of $2.3 million for the three months ended April 2, 2017, representing an effective tax rate of 8.1%. The effective tax rate was impacted by the following significant factors:

- We recognized an income tax benefit of $3.4 million in the three months ended April 2, 2017 as a result of generating tax credits, primarily from the implementation of a foreign tax credit planning strategy.

- Foreign tax rate differences reduced our income tax expense by approximately $2.9 million in the three months ended April 2, 2017. The statutory tax rates associated with our foreign earnings generally were lower than the 2017 statutory U.S. tax rate of 35%. This had the greatest impact on our income before taxes that is generated in Germany, Canada, and the Netherlands, which have statutory tax rates of approximately 28%, 26%, and 25%, respectively.
Note 13:  Pension and Other Postretirement Obligations
The following table provides the components of net periodic benefit costs for our pension and other postretirement benefit plans:
 
 
 
Pension Obligations
 
Other Postretirement Obligations
Three Months Ended
 
April 1, 2018
 
April 2, 2017
 
April 1, 2018
 
April 2, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Service cost
 
$
1,133

 
$
1,093

 
$
13

 
$
13

Interest cost
 
1,876

 
1,695

 
264

 
327

Expected return on plan assets
 
(2,520
)
 
(2,361
)
 

 

Amortization of prior service credit
 
(10
)
 
(11
)
 

 

Actuarial losses
 
665

 
587

 

 
23

Net periodic benefit cost
 
$
1,144

 
$
1,003

 
$
277

 
$
363

Note 14:  Comprehensive Income and Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income (Loss)

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The following table summarizes total comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
April 1, 2018
 
April 2, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Net income
$
2,570

 
$
25,581

Foreign currency translation loss, net of $0.5 million and $0.1 million tax, respectively
(31,795
)
 
(9,836
)
Adjustments to pension and postretirement liability, net of $0.3 million and $0.2 million tax, respectively
403

 
368

Total comprehensive income (loss)
(28,822
)
 
16,113

Less: Comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interest
(32
)
 
(163
)
Comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Belden
$
(28,790
)
 
$
16,276


The accumulated balances related to each component of other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax, are as follows: 

 
Foreign 
Currency    
Translation
Component
 
Pension and 
Other    
Postretirement
Benefit Plans
 
Accumulated
Other 
Comprehensive  
Income (Loss)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Balance at December 31, 2017
$
(69,691
)
 
$
(28,335
)
 
$
(98,026
)
Other comprehensive loss attributable to Belden before reclassifications
(31,811
)
 

 
(31,811
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss

 
403

 
403

Net current period other comprehensive gain (loss) attributable to Belden
(31,811
)
 
403

 
(31,408
)
Balance at April 1, 2018
$
(101,502
)
 
$
(27,932
)
 
$
(129,434
)
The following table summarizes the effects of reclassifications from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) for the three months ended April 1, 2018:

 
  Amount 
Reclassified from  
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive Income
(Loss)
 
  Affected Line
 Item in the  
Consolidated Statements
of Operations and
Comprehensive Income
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
 
 
Amortization of pension and other postretirement benefit plan items:
 
 
 
Actuarial losses
$
665

 
(1)
Prior service credit
(10
)
 
(1)
Total before tax
655

 
 
Tax benefit
(252
)
 
 
Total net of tax
$
403

 
 
(1) The amortization of these accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) components are included in the computation of net periodic benefit costs (see Note 13).
Note 15:  Preferred Stock
In 2016, we issued 5.2 million depositary shares, each of which represents 1/100th interest in a share of 6.75% Series B Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock (the Preferred Stock), for an offering price of $100 per depositary share. Holders of the Preferred Stock may elect to convert their shares into common stock at any time prior to the mandatory conversion date. Unless earlier

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converted, each share of Preferred Stock will automatically convert into common stock on or around July 15, 2019 into between 120.46 and 132.50 shares of Belden common stock, subject to customary anti-dilution adjustments. This represents a range of 6.2 million to 6.9 million shares of Belden common stock to be issued upon conversion. The number of shares of Belden common stock issuable upon the mandatory conversion of the Preferred Stock will be determined based upon the volume-weighted average price of Belden’s common stock over the 20 day trading period beginning on, and including, the 22nd scheduled trading day prior to July 15, 2019. The net proceeds from this offering were approximately $501 million. With respect to dividend and liquidation rights, the Preferred Stock ranks senior to our common stock and junior to all of our existing and future indebtedness. During each of the three months ended April 1, 2018 and April 2, 2017, the Preferred Stock accrued $8.7 million of dividends.
Note 16: Share Repurchases
On May 25, 2017, our Board of Directors authorized a share repurchase program, which allows us to purchase up to $200.0 million of our common stock through open market repurchases, negotiated transactions, or other means, in accordance with applicable securities laws and other restrictions. This program is funded with cash on hand and cash flows from operating activities. The program does not have an expiration date and may be suspended at any time at the discretion of the Company. During the three months ended April 1, 2018, we repurchased 1.1 million shares of our common stock under the share repurchase program for an aggregate cost of $75.3 million and an average price per share of $71.67.
Note 17: Subsequent Events

On March 27, 2018, our Board of Directors authorized the redemption of all outstanding preferred share purchase rights issued pursuant to the then existing Rights Agreement (commonly known as a “poison pill”). Under the former Rights Agreement, one right was attached to each outstanding share of common stock. The rights were redeemed at a redemption price of $0.01 per right, payable in cash. The redemption payment was made on April 6, 2018 to the holders of the rights as of the close of business on March 27, 2018. We accrued approximately $0.4 million for the redemption of the Rights Agreement as of April 1, 2018.
On April 5, 2018, we repurchased the remaining €56.9 million of the €200.0 million 2023 Notes outstanding as well as $11.3 million of the $200.0 million 2024 Notes outstanding, and we expect to recognize a loss on debt extinguishment of approximately $3.0 million in the second quarter.




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Item 2:       Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Overview
Belden Inc. (the Company, us, we, or our) is a signal transmission solutions company built around two global business platforms – Enterprise Solutions and Industrial Solutions. Our comprehensive portfolio of signal transmission solutions provides industry leading secure and reliable transmission of data, sound, and video for mission critical applications.
We strive for operational excellence through the execution of our Belden Business System, which includes three areas of focus: Lean enterprise initiatives, our Market Delivery System, and our Talent Management System. Through operational excellence we generate free cash flow on an annual basis. We utilize the cash flow generated by our business to fuel our continued transformation and generate shareholder value. We believe our business system, balance across markets and geographies, systematic go-to-market approach, extensive portfolio of innovative solutions, commitment to Lean principles, and improving margins present a unique value proposition for shareholders.
We use a set of tools and processes that are designed to continuously improve business performance in the critical areas of quality, delivery, cost, and innovation. We consider revenue growth, Adjusted EBITDA margin, free cash flows, and return on invested capital to be our key operating performance indicators. We also seek to acquire businesses that we believe can help us achieve these objectives.
Trends and Events
The following trends and events during 2018 have had varying effects on our financial condition, results of operations, and cash flows.
Foreign currency
Our exposure to currency rate fluctuations primarily relates to exchange rate movements between the U.S. dollar and the Euro, Canadian dollar, Hong Kong dollar, Chinese yuan, Japanese yen, Mexican peso, Australian dollar, British pound, and Brazilian real. Generally, as the U.S. dollar strengthens against these foreign currencies, our revenues and earnings are negatively impacted as our foreign denominated revenues and earnings are translated into U.S. dollars at a lower rate. Conversely, as the U.S. dollar weakens against foreign currencies, our revenues and earnings are positively impacted. During the three months ended April 1, 2018, approximately 50% of our consolidated revenues were to customers outside of the U.S.
In addition to the translation impact described above, currency rate fluctuations have an economic impact on our financial results. As the U.S. dollar strengthens or weakens against foreign currencies, it results in a relative price increase or decrease for certain of our products that are priced in U.S. dollars in a foreign location.
Commodity prices
Our operating results can be affected by changes in prices of commodities, primarily copper and compounds, which are components in some of the products we sell. Generally, as the costs of inventory purchases increase due to higher commodity prices, we raise selling prices to customers to cover the increase in costs, resulting in higher sales revenue but a lower gross profit percentage. Conversely, a decrease in commodity prices would result in lower sales revenue but a higher gross profit percentage. Selling prices of our products are affected by many factors, including end market demand, capacity utilization, overall economic conditions, and commodity prices. Importantly, however, there is no exact measure of the effect of changing commodity prices, as there are thousands of transactions in any given quarter, each of which has various factors involved in the individual pricing decisions. Therefore, all references to the effect of copper prices or other commodity prices are estimates.
Channel Inventory
Our operating results also can be affected by the levels of Belden products purchased and held as inventory by our channel partners and customers. Our channel partners and customers purchase and hold the products they bought from us in their inventory in order to meet the service and on-time delivery requirements of their customers. Generally, as our channel partners and customers change the level of products they buy from us and hold in their inventory, it impacts our revenues. Comparisons of our results between periods can be impacted by changes in the levels of channel inventory. We use information provided to us by our channel partners and make certain assumptions based on our sales to them to determine the amount of products they bought from us and hold in their inventory. As such, all references to the effect of channel inventory changes are estimates.

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Market Growth and Market Share
The markets in which we operate can generally be characterized as highly competitive and highly fragmented, with many players. We monitor available data regarding market growth, including independent market research reports, publicly available indices, and the financial results of our direct and indirect peer companies, in order to estimate the extent to which our served markets grew or contracted during a particular period. We expect that our unit sales volume will increase or decrease consistently with the market growth rate. Our strategic goal is to utilize our Market Delivery System to target faster growing geographies, applications, and trends within our end markets, in order to achieve growth that is higher than the general market growth rate. To the extent that we exceed the market growth rates, we consider it to be the result of capturing market share.
Operating Segments
Effective January 1, 2018, we changed our organizational structure and, as a result, now are reporting two segments. The segments formerly known as Broadcast Solutions and Enterprise Solutions now are presented as the Enterprise Solutions segment, and the segments formerly known as Industrial Solutions and Network Solutions now are presented as the Industrial Solutions segment. The reorganization allows us to further accelerate progress in key strategic areas and the segment consolidation properly aligns our external reporting with the way the businesses are now managed. We have recast the prior period segment information to conform to the change in the composition of these reportable segments.
Acquisitions

We completed the acquisition of Snell Advanced Media (SAM) on February 8, 2018. The results of SAM have been included in our Consolidated Financial Statements from the acquisition date and are reported in the Enterprise Solutions segment. See Note 3.
Long-term Debt

In March 2018, we issued €350.0 million ($431.3 million at issuance) aggregate principal amount of new senior subordinated notes due 2028 at an interest rate of 3.875%. We used the net proceeds of this offering to repurchase $188.7 million of our outstanding $200.0 million 5.25% senior subordinated notes due 2024 and €143.1 million of our outstanding €200.0 million 5.5% senior subordinated notes due 2023. We paid approximately $7.1 million of fees related to issuing the 2028 notes, and recognized a $20.0 million loss on debt extinguishment for premiums paid to the bond holders to retire the 2024 and 2023 notes and for the unamortized debt issuance costs that we wrote-off. See Note 10.
 
Grass Valley and SAM Integration Program

During the first quarter of 2018, we began a restructuring program to integrate our acquisition of SAM with Grass Valley. The restructuring and integration activities are focused on achieving desired cost savings by consolidating existing and acquired operating facilities and other support functions. We recognized $9.2 million of severance and other restructuring costs for this program during the three months ended April 1, 2018. The costs were incurred by the Enterprise Solutions segment. We expect to incur approximately $41 million of additional severance and restructuring costs for this program, most of which will be incurred by the end of 2018. We also expect the program to generate approximately $44 million of savings on an annualized basis, which we will start realizing in the second half of 2018.

Industrial Manufacturing Footprint Program

In 2016, we began a program to consolidate our manufacturing footprint. The manufacturing consolidation will be completed this year. We recognized $7.5 million of severance and other restructuring costs for this program during the three months ended April 1, 2018. The costs were incurred by the Enterprise Solutions and Industrial Solutions segments, as the manufacturing locations involved in the program serve both platforms. We expect the program to generate approximately $13 million of savings on an annualized basis, which we began to realize in the third quarter of 2017.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
We have no off-balance sheet arrangements that have or are reasonably likely to have a current or future effect on our financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows that are or would be considered material to investors.


- 24-



Critical Accounting Policies
During the three months ended April 1, 2018:
We did not change any of our existing critical accounting policies from those listed in our 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K other than updating our revenue recognition accounting policies for the adoption of ASU 2014-09;
No existing accounting policies became critical accounting policies because of an increase in the materiality of associated transactions or changes in the circumstances to which associated judgments and estimates relate; and
There were no significant changes in the manner in which critical accounting policies were applied or in which related judgments and estimates were developed.
Results of Operations
Consolidated Income before Taxes
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
April 1, 2018
 
April 2, 2017
 
%
Change  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands, except percentages)
Revenues
$
605,565

 
$
551,381

 
9.8
 %
Gross profit
230,594

 
222,374

 
3.7
 %
Selling, general and administrative expenses
(124,872
)
 
(112,586
)
 
10.9
 %
Research and development
(37,101
)
 
(34,522
)
 
7.5
 %
Amortization of intangibles
(24,418
)
 
(23,669
)
 
3.2
 %
Operating income
44,203

 
51,597

 
(14.3
)%
Interest expense, net
(16,978
)
 
(23,506
)
 
(27.8
)%
Non-operating pension costs
(275
)
 
(260
)
 
5.8
 %
Loss on debt extinguishment
(19,960
)
 

 
n/a

Income before taxes
6,990

 
27,831

 
(74.9
)%
Revenues increased $54.2 million, or 9.8%, in the three months ended April 1, 2018 from the comparable period of 2017 due to the following factors:

The acquisitions of SAM and Thinklogical contributed $28.6 million to the increase in revenues.
Favorable currency translation resulted in a revenue increase of $17.9 million.
Higher copper costs contributed $7.5 million to the increase in revenues.
Higher sales volume resulted in a $6.2 million increase in revenues. The increase in volume was primarily attributable to strong demand in our Industrial markets.
The divestiture of our MCS business resulted in a revenue decrease of $6.0 million.

Gross profit increased $8.2 million, or 3.7%, in the three months ended April 1, 2018 from the comparable period of 2017 due to the increases in revenues discussed above, partially offset by increases in severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs; cost of sales for the adjustment of acquired inventory to fair value for the SAM acquisition; and amortization of software developments costs during 2018 of $3.5 million, $0.5 million, and $0.2 million, respectively.
Selling, general and administrative expenses increased $12.3 million in the three months ended April 1, 2018 from the comparable period of 2017. Acquisitions contributed $10.0 million to the increase in selling, general and administrative expenses year-over-year. Increases in severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs, excluding the impact of acquisitions contributed $2.6 million to the increase in selling, general and administrative expenses year-over-year. These increases were partially offset by improved productivity.

Research and development expenses increased $2.6 million in the three months ended April 1, 2018 from the comparable period of 2017. Acquisitions contributed $3.6 million to the increase over the year ago period, partially offset by $0.6 million for the impact of the MCS divestiture in the fourth quarter of 2017.


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Amortization of intangibles increased $0.7 million in the three months ended April 1, 2018 from the comparable period of 2017. This is primarily due to the acquisitions of SAM and Thinklogical, which contributed $5.4 million to the increase over the year ago period. The impact of acquisitions was partially offset by certain intangible assets becoming fully amortized during 2017.
Operating income decreased $7.4 million in the three months ended April 1, 2018 from the comparable period of 2017 primarily due to the increase in selling, general and administrative expenses and research and development, partially offset by the increase in gross profit discussed above.
Net interest expense decreased $6.5 million, or 27.8%, in the three months ended April 1, 2018 from the comparable period of 2017 as a result of our debt transactions during 2017 and 2018. In July 2017, we issued €450.0 million aggregate principal amount of new senior subordinated notes due 2027 at an interest rate of 3.375%. We used the net proceeds of this offering and cash on hand to repurchase all of our outstanding $700.0 million 5.5% senior subordinated notes due 2022. In September 2017, we issued €300.0 million aggregate principal amount of new senior subordinated notes due 2025 at an interest rate of 2.875%. We used the net proceeds of this offering to repurchase €300.0 million of our outstanding €500.0 million 5.5% senior subordinated notes due 2023. In March 2018, we issued €350.0 million aggregate principal amount of new senior subordinated notes due 2028 at an interest rate of 3.875%. We used the net proceeds of this offering to repurchase $188.7 million of our outstanding $200.0 million 5.25% senior subordinated notes due 2024 and €143.1 million of our outstanding €200.0 million 5.5% senior subordinated notes due 2023. See Note 10.
The loss on debt extinguishment recognized in the first quarter of 2018 represents the premium paid to the bond holders to retire a portion of the 2023 and 2024 notes and the unamortized debt issuance costs written-off. See Note 10.
Income before taxes decreased $20.8 million in the three months ended April 1, 2018 from the comparable period of 2017. This decrease is due to the loss on debt extinguishment and decrease in operating income, partially offset by lower interest expense discussed above.
Income Taxes

 
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
April 1, 2018
 
April 2, 2017
 
%
Change  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands, except percentages)
Income before taxes
$
6,990

 
$
27,831

 
(74.9
)%
Income tax expense
4,420

 
2,250

 
96.4
 %
Effective tax rate
63.2
%
 
8.1
%
 
 

We recognized income tax expense of $4.4 million for the three months ended April 1, 2018, representing an effective tax rate of 63.2%. The effective tax rate was impacted by the following significant factors:

- We recognized income tax expense of $1.8 million in the three months ended April 1, 2018 as a result of a change in our valuation allowance on foreign tax credits associated with our euro debt refinancing during the quarter.

- We also recognized income tax expense of $0.5 million in the three months ended April 1, 2018 as a result of changes in our valuation allowance for the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. The amount of this adjustment remains provisional under SAB 118.
 
On December 22, 2017, the “Tax Cuts and Jobs Act” (the “Act”) was signed into law, making significant changes to the Internal Revenue Code. Changes include, but are not limited to, a corporate tax rate decrease from 35% to 21% effective for tax years beginning after December 31, 2017, the transition of U.S. international taxation from a worldwide tax system to a territorial tax system, and a one-time transition tax on the mandatory deemed repatriation of cumulative foreign earnings as of December 31, 2017.

On December 22, 2017, Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118 (“SAB 118”) was issued to address the application of US GAAP in situations when a registrant does not have the necessary information available, prepared, or analyzed (including computations) in reasonable detail to complete the accounting for certain income tax effects of the Act. During the three months ended April 1, 2018, we obtained additional information affecting the provisional amount initially recorded for the valuation allowance on certain foreign tax credits in 2017. As a result, we recorded an adjustment to the valuation allowance on certain foreign tax credits.

- 26-



Additional work is still necessary for a more detailed analysis of all provisional amounts associated with the Act including the remeasurement of certain deferred tax assets and liabilities, the one-time transition tax on the mandatory deemed repatriation of foreign earnings and the valuation allowance on certain foreign tax credits. We continue to evaluate the need for a provisional amount regarding the non-deductibility of certain covered employee compensation associated with the amendments to IRC section 162(m). As of the date of this filing, we reasonably believe no such provision should be recorded. Any subsequent adjustment to these amounts will be recorded to tax expense in the quarter of 2018 when the analysis is complete.
Our income tax expense and effective tax rate in future periods may be impacted by many factors, including our geographic mix of income and changes in tax laws.
Consolidated Adjusted Revenues and Adjusted EBITDA
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
April 1, 2018
 
April 2, 2017
 
%
Change  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands, except percentages)
Adjusted Revenues
$
607,423

 
$
551,381

 
10.2
%
Adjusted EBITDA
103,295

 
92,989

 
11.1
%
as a percent of adjusted revenues
17.0
%
 
16.9
%
 
 
Adjusted Revenues increased $56.0 million, or 10.2%, in the three months ended April 1, 2018 from the comparable period of 2017 due to the following factors:

The acquisitions of SAM and Thinklogical contributed $30.4 million to the increase in revenues.
Favorable currency translation resulted in a revenue increase of $17.9 million.
Higher copper costs contributed $7.5 million to the increase in revenues.
Higher sales volume resulted in a $6.2 million increase in revenues. The increase in volume was primarily attributable to strong demand in our Industrial markets.
The divestiture of our MCS business resulted in a revenue decrease of $6.0 million.

Adjusted EBITDA increased $10.3 million, or 11.1%, in the three months ended April 1, 2018 from the comparable period of 2017 primarily due to the increases in revenues discussed above, partially offset by unfavorable product mix.
Use of Non-GAAP Financial Information

Adjusted Revenues, Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA margin, and free cash flow are non-GAAP financial measures. In addition to reporting financial results in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, we provide non-GAAP operating results adjusted for certain items, including: asset impairments; accelerated depreciation expense due to plant consolidation activities; purchase accounting effects related to acquisitions, such as the adjustment of acquired inventory and deferred revenue to fair value, and transaction costs; severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs; gains (losses) recognized on the disposal of businesses and tangible assets; amortization of intangible assets; gains (losses) on debt extinguishment; certain revenues and gains (losses) from patent settlements; discontinued operations; and other costs. We adjust for the items listed above in all periods presented, unless the impact is clearly immaterial to our financial statements. When we calculate the tax effect of the adjustments, we include all current and deferred income tax expense commensurate with the adjusted measure of pre-tax profitability.

We utilize the adjusted results to review our ongoing operations without the effect of these adjustments and for comparison to budgeted operating results. We believe the adjusted results are useful to investors because they help them compare our results to previous periods and provide important insights into underlying trends in the business and how management oversees our business operations on a day-to-day basis. As an example, we adjust for the purchase accounting effect of recording deferred revenue at fair value in order to reflect the revenues that would have otherwise been recorded by acquired businesses had they remained as independent entities. We believe this presentation is useful in evaluating the underlying performance of acquired companies. Similarly, we adjust for other acquisition-related expenses, such as amortization of intangibles and other impacts of fair value adjustments because they generally are not related to the acquired business' core business performance. As an additional example, we exclude the costs of restructuring programs, which can occur from time to time for our current businesses and/or recently acquired businesses. We exclude the costs in calculating adjusted results to allow us and investors to evaluate the performance of

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the business based upon its expected ongoing operating structure. We believe the adjusted measures, accompanied by the disclosure of the costs of these programs, provides valuable insight.
Adjusted results should be considered only in conjunction with results reported according to accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The following tables reconcile our GAAP results to our non-GAAP financial measures:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
April 1, 2018
 
April 2, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands, except percentages)
GAAP revenues
$
605,565

 
$
551,381

Deferred revenue adjustments (1)
1,858

 

Adjusted revenues
$
607,423

 
$
551,381

 
 
 
 
GAAP net income attributable to Belden
$
2,618

 
$
25,687

Loss on debt extinguishment
19,960

 

Amortization of intangible assets
24,418

 
23,669

Interest expense, net
16,978

 
23,506

Severance, restructuring, and acquisition integration costs (2)
20,394

 
6,600

Depreciation expense
11,865

 
11,383

Income tax expense
4,420

 
2,250

Deferred revenue adjustments (1)
1,858

 

Purchase accounting effects related to acquisitions (3)
502

 

Amortization of software development intangible assets
236

 

Loss on sale of assets
94

 

Noncontrolling interest
(48
)
 
(106
)
Adjusted EBITDA
$
103,295

 
$
92,989

 
 
 
 
GAAP net income margin
0.4
%
 
4.7
%
Adjusted EBITDA margin
17.0
%
 
16.9
%
(1) For the three months ended April 1, 2018, our segment results include revenues that would have been recorded by acquired businesses had they remained as independent entities. Our consolidated results do not include these revenues due to the purchase accounting effect of recording deferred revenue at fair value.
(2)  See Note 9, Severance, Restructuring, and Acquisition Integration Activities, for details.
(3)  For the three months ended April 1, 2018, we recognized cost of sales for the adjustment of acquired inventory to fair value related to the SAM acquisition.
Segment Results of Operations
For additional information regarding our segment measures, see Note 5 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
Enterprise Solutions
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
April 1, 2018
 
April 2, 2017
 
%
Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands, except percentages)
Segment Revenues
$
350,990

 
$
314,278

 
11.7
%
Segment EBITDA
57,452

 
49,523

 
16.0
%
as a percent of segment revenues
16.4
%
 
15.8
%
 
 

Enterprise Solutions revenues increased $36.7 million, or 11.7%, in the three months ended April 1, 2018 from the comparable period of 2017. Acquisitions, favorable currency translation, and rising copper prices contributed $30.5 million, $8.0 million, and $3.5 million to the increase in revenues, respectively. The increases above were partially offset by decreases in volume of $5.3 million. The decreases in volume were experienced in our live media production market.

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Enterprise Solutions EBITDA increased $7.9 million, or 16.0%, in the three months ended April 1, 2018 compared to the year ago period driven by the revenue growth discussed above and sustainable productivity initiatives. Accordingly, EBTIDA margins expanded 60 basis points over the year ago period.
Industrial Solutions
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
April 1, 2018
 
April 2, 2017
 
%
Change  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands, except percentages)
Segment Revenues
$
256,433

 
$
237,103

 
8.2
%
Segment EBITDA
46,426

 
43,847

 
5.9
%
as a percent of segment revenues
18.1
%
 
18.5
%
 
 

Industrial Solutions revenues increased $19.3 million, or 8.2%, in the three months ended April 1, 2018 from the comparable period of 2017. Increases in volume, favorable currency translation, and rising copper prices contributed $11.4 million, $9.9 million, and $4.0 million to the increase in revenues, respectively. We experienced strong demand across all of our markets, with total Industrial Solutions orders increasing approximately 11% year-over-year. The increases discussed above were partially offset by $6.0 million from the MCS divestiture in the fourth quarter of 2017.
Industrial Solutions EBITDA increased $2.6 million, or 5.9%, in the three months ended April 1, 2018 from the comparable period of 2017 due to the growth in revenues discussed above. EBITDA margins remained relatively flat year-over-year primarily as a result of unfavorable mix and increased investments in new product introductions.

Liquidity and Capital Resources
Significant factors affecting our cash liquidity include (1) cash from operating activities, (2) disposals of businesses and tangible assets, (3) cash used for acquisitions, restructuring actions, capital expenditures, share repurchases, dividends, and senior subordinated note repurchases, (4) our available credit facilities and other borrowing arrangements, and (5) cash proceeds from equity offerings. We expect our operating activities to generate cash in 2018 and believe our sources of liquidity are sufficient to fund current working capital requirements, capital expenditures, contributions to our retirement plans, share repurchases, senior subordinated note repurchases, quarterly dividend payments, and our short-term operating strategies. However, we may require external financing in the event we complete a significant acquisition. Our ability to continue to fund our future needs from business operations could be affected by many factors, including, but not limited to: economic conditions worldwide, customer demand, competitive market forces, customer acceptance of our product mix, and commodities pricing.

The following table is derived from our Condensed Consolidated Cash Flow Statements:
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
April 1, 2018
 
April 2, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands)
Net cash used for:
 
Operating activities
$
(83,860
)
 
$
(12,263
)
Investing activities
(52,859
)
 
(10,399
)
Financing activities
(64,586
)
 
(15,228
)
Effects of currency exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
3,060

 
5,698

Decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(198,245
)
 
(32,192
)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
561,108

 
848,116

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
362,863

 
$
815,924

Operating cash flows were a use of cash of $83.9 million and $12.3 million in the first quarter of 2018 and 2017, respectively, representing a decrease of $71.6 million. The decrease in operating cash flow as compared to prior year is primarily due to an unfavorable change in operating assets and liabilities of $69.2 million. While the days payable outstanding of 92 days as of the

- 29-



end of the first quarter of 2018 was consistent with the first quarter of 2017, accounts payable at the end of 2017 included approximately $16.0 million for growth capital expenditure projects and $30 million related to the build in safety stock inventory during the fourth quarter in support of the closure of the Monticello facility. The unfavorable change in operating cash flow during the first quarter of 2018 includes the payments for these fourth quarter 2017 actions.

Net cash used for investing activities totaled $52.9 million for the three months ended April 1, 2018, compared to $10.4 million for the comparable period of 2017. Investing activities for the three months ended April 1, 2018 included payments, net of cash acquired, for the acquisition of SAM of $75.2 million; capital expenditures of $15.9 million; and a $1.0 million payment related to our 2015 acquisition of Tripwire that had previously been deferred, net of $39.1 million of cash received for the sale of the MCS business and Hirschmann JV which closed on December 31, 2017. Investing activities for the three months ended April 2, 2017 included capital expenditures of $10.4 million.
Net cash used for financing activities for the three months ended April 1, 2018 totaled $64.6 million, compared to $15.2 million for the comparable period of 2017. Financing activities for the three months ended April 1, 2018 included payments under borrowing arrangements of $401.2 million, payments under our share repurchase program of $75.3 million, cash dividend payments of $10.8 million, debt issuance costs of $7.1 million, net payments related to share based compensation activities of $1.5 million, and $431.3 million of cash proceeds from the issuance of the €350.0 million 3.875% Notes due 2028. Financing activities for the three months ended April 2, 2017 included cash dividend payments of $10.8 million and net payments related to share based compensation activities of $4.4 million.
Our cash and cash equivalents balance was $362.9 million as of April 1, 2018. Of this amount, $163.6 million was held outside of the U.S. in our foreign operations. Substantially all of the foreign cash and cash equivalents are readily convertible into U.S. dollars or other foreign currencies. We consider the undistributed earnings of our foreign subsidiaries to be indefinitely reinvested, and accordingly, no provision for any withholding taxes has been recorded. Upon distribution of those earnings in the form of dividends or otherwise, we may be subject to withholding taxes payable to the respective foreign countries.
Our outstanding debt obligations as of April 1, 2018 consisted of $1,687.9 million of senior subordinated notes. Additional discussion regarding our various borrowing arrangements is included in Note 10 to the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. As of April 1, 2018, we had $333.4 million in available borrowing capacity under our Revolver.
Forward-Looking Statements
Statements in this report other than historical facts are “forward-looking statements” made in reliance upon the safe harbor of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements include statements regarding future financial performance (including revenues, expenses, earnings, margins, cash flows, dividends, capital expenditures and financial condition), plans and objectives, and related assumptions. These forward-looking statements reflect management’s current beliefs and expectations and are not guarantees of future performance. Actual results may differ materially from those suggested by any forward-looking statements for a number of reasons, including, without limitation: the impact of a challenging global economy or a downturn in served markets; the competitiveness of the global broadcast, enterprise, and industrial markets; volatility in credit and foreign exchange markets; the inability to execute and realize the expected benefits from strategic initiatives (including revenue growth, cost control, and productivity improvement programs); the inability to achieve our strategic priorities in emerging markets; the presence of substitute products in the marketplace; the inability of the Company to develop and introduce new products and competitive responses to our products; the increased prevalence of cloud computing; the inability to successfully complete and integrate acquisitions in furtherance of the Company’s strategic plan; foreign and domestic political, economic and other uncertainties, including changes in currency exchange rates; changes in tax laws and variability in the Company’s quarterly and annual effective tax rates; the increased influence of chief information officers and similar high-level executives; disruptions in the Company’s information systems including due to cyber-attacks; perceived or actual product failures; risks related to the use of open source software; the cost and availability of raw materials including copper, plastic compounds, electronic components, and other materials; difficulty in forecasting revenue due to the unpredictable timing of large orders; disruption of, or changes in, the Company’s key distribution channels; the inability to retain senior management and key employees; assertions that the Company violates the intellectual property of others and the ownership of intellectual property by competitors and others that prevents the use of that intellectual property by the Company; the impact of regulatory requirements and other legal compliance issues; the impairment of goodwill and other intangible assets and the resulting impact on financial performance; disruptions and increased costs attendant to collective bargaining groups and other labor matters; and other factors.
For a more complete discussion of risk factors, please see our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 13, 2018. We disclaim any duty to update any forward-looking statements as a result of new information, future developments, or otherwise.

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Item 3:        Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risks
The following table provides information about our financial instruments that are sensitive to changes in interest rates. The table presents principal amounts by expected maturity dates and fair values as of April 1, 2018.
 
 
Principal Amount by Expected Maturity
 
Fair
 
2018
 
Thereafter  
 
Total
 
Value
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(In thousands, except interest rates)
€350.0 million fixed-rate senior subordinated notes due 2028
$

 
$
432,320

 
$
432,320

 
$
422,655

Average interest rate
 
 
3.875
%
 
 
 
 
€450.0 million fixed-rate senior subordinated notes due 2027
$

 
$
555,840

 
$
555,840

 
$
541,613

Average interest rate
 
 
3.375
%
 
 
 
 
€200.0 million fixed-rate senior subordinated notes due 2026
$

 
$
247,040

 
$
247,040

 
$
258,891

Average interest rate
 
 
4.125
%
 
 
 
 
€300.0 million fixed-rate senior subordinated notes due 2025
$

 
$
370,560

 
$
370,560

 
$
361,478

Average interest rate
 
 
2.875
%
 
 
 
 
$11.3 million fixed-rate senior subordinated notes due 2024 (1)
$

 
$
11,291

 
$
11,291

 
$
11,926

Average interest rate
 
 
5.25
%
 
 
 
 
€56.9 million fixed-rate senior subordinated notes due 2023 (1)
$

 
$
70,852

 
$
70,852

 
$
89,272

Average interest rate
 
 
5.50
%
 
 
 
 
Total
 
 
 
 
$
1,687,903

 
$
1,685,835


(1)  We repurchased the remaining 2024 and 2023 Notes outstanding on April 5, 2018. See Note 10.
Item 7A of our 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K provides information as to the practices and instruments that we use to manage market risks. There were no material changes in our exposure to market risks since December 31, 2017.
Item 4:        Controls and Procedures
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
Our management evaluated, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures, as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, for the three month period ended April 1, 2018.

Based on this evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that, because of the material weakness in internal control over financial reporting described in our 2017 Form 10-K as filed on February 13, 2018, our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as of April 1, 2018.

A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control over financial reporting, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of our annual or interim financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

In our prior Form 10-K filing, we identified and reported a material weakness in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting related to our internal controls over ensuring that all revenue recognition criteria are satisfied prior to the recognition of revenue. We are executing our remediation plan as described fully in our 2017 Form 10-K. In response to the identified material weakness, our management, with oversight from our audit committee, has dedicated resources to improve our control environment and to remedy the identified material weakness.

We believe that we have designed the appropriate controls to remediate the material weakness and began executing the controls during the three months ended April 1, 2018. These controls include additional procedures related to the review of material contracts. However, the Company is required to demonstrate the effectiveness of the new processes for a sufficient period of time. Therefore, until all remedial actions, including the efforts to test the control activities, are fully completed, the material weakness identified

- 31-



will continue to exist. We are committed to achieving and maintaining a strong control environment, high ethical standards, and financial reporting integrity and transparency.

Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
As described above, we have designed and implemented additional controls in connection with our remediation plan. Other than these additional controls, there were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934), for the three month period ended April 1, 2018 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.


- 32-



PART II OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1:        Legal Proceedings

PPC Broadband, Inc. v. Corning Optical Communications RF, LLC - On July 5, 2011, the Company’s wholly-owned subsidiary, PPC Broadband, Inc. (“PPC”), filed an action for patent infringement in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of New York against Corning Optical Communications RF LLC (“Corning”). The Complaint alleged that Corning infringed two of PPC’s patents - U.S. Patent Nos. 6,558,194 and 6,848,940 - each entitled “Connector and Method of Operation.” In July 2015, a jury found that Corning willfully infringed both patents. In November 2016, following a series of post-trial motions, the trial judge issued rulings for a total judgment in our favor of approximately $61.3 million. In December 2016, Corning appealed the case to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. In March 2018, a panel of three judges of the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit issued a Rule 36 Affirmance, without written opinion, of the District Court's final judgment that Corning, among other things, willfully infringed the PPC universal compression patents at issue in the case, and that PPC should be awarded about $61.8 million as a result. On April 12, 2018, Corning filed a petition for re-hearing. We have not recorded any amounts in our consolidated financial statements related to this matter.

We are also a party to various legal proceedings and administrative actions that are incidental to our operations. In our opinion, the proceedings and actions in which we are involved should not, individually or in the aggregate, have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, operating results, or cash flows. However, since the trends and outcome of this litigation are inherently uncertain, we cannot give absolute assurance regarding the future resolution of such litigation, or that such litigation may not become material in the future.
Item 1A:     Risk Factors
There have been no material changes with respect to risk factors as previously disclosed in our 2017 Annual Report on Form 10-K.
Item 2:     Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Set forth below is information regarding our stock repurchases for the three months ended April 1, 2018 (in thousands, except per share amounts).
Period
 
Total Number of Shares Purchased
 
Average Price Paid per Share
 
Total Number of Shares Repurchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs (1)
 
Approximate Dollar Value of Shares that May Yet be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
January 1, 2018 through February 4, 2018
 

 
$

 

 
$
175,000

February 5, 2018 through March 4, 2018
 
776

 
72.27

 
776

 
118,913

March 5, 2018 through April 1, 2018
 
274

 
69.98

 
274

 
99,730

     Total
 
1,050

 
$
71.67

 
1,050

 
$
99,730

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

(1) In May 2017, our Board of Directors authorized a share repurchase program, which allows us to purchase up to $200.0 million of our common stock through open market repurchases, negotiated transactions, or other means, in accordance with applicable securities laws and other restrictions. This program is funded with cash on hand and cash flows from operating activities. The program does not have an expiration date and may be suspended at any time at the discretion of the Company. From inception of the program to April 1, 2018, we have repurchased 1.4 million shares of our common stock under the program for an aggregate cost of $100.3 million and an average price of $73.53. During the three months ended April 1, 2018, we repurchased 1.1 million shares of our common stock under the share repurchase program for an aggregate cost of $